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CentOS 搭建Graylog集群详解

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1. Graylog2 简介

Graylog 是一个简单易用、功能较全面的日志管理工具,相比 ELK 组合,优点:

    • 部署维护简单,一体化解决方案,不像 ELK 三个独立系统集成。
    • 查相比 ES json 语法,搜索语法更加简单,如 source:mongo AND reponse_time_ms:>5000。
    • 内置简单的告警。
    • 可以将搜索条件导出为 json 格式文本,方便开发调用 ES rest api 搜索脚本。
    • 自己开发采集日志的脚本,并用 curl/nc 发送到 Graylog Server,发送格式是自定义的 GELF,Flunted 和 Logstash 都有相应的输出 GELF 消息的插件。自己开发带来很大的自由度。实际上只需要用 inotifywait 监控日志的 modify 事件,并把日志的新增行用 curl/netcat 发送到 Graylog Server 就可。
    • UI 比较友好,搜索结果高亮显示。

当然,在拓展性上,graylog 还是不如 ELK。

Graylog 整体组成:

    • Graylog 提供 graylog 对外接口,CPU 密集
    • Elasticsearch 日志文件的持久化存储和检索,IO 密集 
    • MongoDB 存储一些 Graylog 的配置 

2. Graylog 架构

单 server 架构 :

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

 

Graylog 集群架构 :

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

 

3. Graylog 安装

这里我搭建的是集群方案,但是将 ES 与 Graylog 和 MongoDB 部署在同一台 server 上。

① 前提条件:

$ sudo yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk-headless.x86_64
$ sed -i 's/^SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
$ setenforce 0

# 安装 pwgen
$ sudo yum install epel-release
$ sudo yum install pwgen

② MongoDB 安装:

创建 /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-3.2.repo 文件,添加如下内容:

[mongodb-org-3.2]
name=MongoDB Repository
baseurl=https://repo.mongodb.org/yum/RedHat/$releasever/mongodb-org/3.2/x86_64/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.2.asc

安装 MongoDB:

sudo yum install mongodb-org

启动服务:

$ sudo chkconfig --add mongod
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable mongod.service
$ sudo systemctl start mongod.service

③Elasticsearch 安装:

Graylog 2.3.x 支持 Elasticsearch 5.x 版本。

首先安装 Elastic GPG key 以及 repository 文件,然后 yum 安装:

$ rpm --import https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
$ cat /etc/yum.repos.d/elasticsearch.repo [elasticsearch-5.x] name=Elasticsearch repository for 5.x packages baseurl=https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/5.x/yum gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch enabled=1 autorefresh=1 type=rpm-md

$ sudo yum install elasticsearch

编辑 Elasticsearch 配置文件 /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml,添加 cluster 信息:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

# cat /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml 
# ======================== Elasticsearch Configuration =========================
#
# NOTE: Elasticsearch comes with reasonable defaults for most settings.
#       Before you set out to tweak and tune the configuration, make sure you
#       understand what are you trying to accomplish and the consequences.
#
# The primary way of configuring a node is via this file. This template lists
# the most important settings you may want to configure for a production cluster.
#
# Please consult the documentation for further information on configuration options:
# https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/index.html
#
# ---------------------------------- Cluster -----------------------------------
#
# Use a descriptive name for your cluster:
#
cluster.name: graylog
#
# ------------------------------------ Node ------------------------------------
#
# Use a descriptive name for the node:
#
node.name: shop-log-02
#
# Add custom attributes to the node:
#
#node.attr.rack: r1
#
# ----------------------------------- Paths ------------------------------------
#
# Path to directory where to store the data (separate multiple locations by comma):
#
path.data: /data/elasticsearch/db
#
# Path to log files:
#
path.logs: /data/elasticsearch/logs
#
# ----------------------------------- Memory -----------------------------------
#
# Lock the memory on startup:
#
#bootstrap.memory_lock: true
#
# Make sure that the heap size is set to about half the memory available
# on the system and that the owner of the process is allowed to use this
# limit.
#
# Elasticsearch performs poorly when the system is swapping the memory.
#
# ---------------------------------- Network -----------------------------------
#
# Set the bind address to a specific IP (IPv4 or IPv6):
#
network.host: 10.2.2.42
#
# Set a custom port for HTTP:
#
http.port: 9200
#
# For more information, consult the network module documentation.
#
# --------------------------------- Discovery ----------------------------------
#
# Pass an initial list of hosts to perform discovery when new node is started:
# The default list of hosts is ["127.0.0.1", "[::1]"]
#
# 这里给其他两个节点的地址
discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["10.2.2.41", "10.2.2.43"]
#
# Prevent the "split brain" by configuring the majority of nodes (total number of master-eligible nodes / 2 + 1):
#
discovery.zen.minimum_master_nodes: 2
#
# For more information, consult the zen discovery module documentation.
#
# ---------------------------------- Gateway -----------------------------------
#
# Block initial recovery after a full cluster restart until N nodes are started:
#
#gateway.recover_after_nodes: 3
#
# For more information, consult the gateway module documentation.
#
# ---------------------------------- Various -----------------------------------
#
# Require explicit names when deleting indices:
#
#action.destructive_requires_name: true
http.cors.enabled: true
http.cors.allow-origin: "*"

elasticsearch.yml

启动 Elasticsearch 服务:

$ sudo chkconfig --add elasticsearch
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch.service
$ sudo systemctl restart elasticsearch.service

 

④Graylog 安装

$ sudo rpm -Uvh https://packages.graylog2.org/repo/packages/graylog-2.3-repository_latest.rpm
$ sudo yum install graylog-server

编辑 graylog 配置文件 /etc/graylog/server/server.conf,添加 password_secret 和 password_secret_sha2(必须)

可以使用 echo n yourpassword | sha256sum 命令来生成 password_secret_sha2。

设置 rest_listen_uri 以及 web_listen_uri 为公共 ip 或公共 hostname,以便连接 graylog。

# cat /etc/graylog/server/server.conf
############################
# GRAYLOG CONFIGURATION FILE
############################
#
# This is the Graylog configuration file. The file has to use ISO 8859-1/Latin-1 character encoding.
# Characters that cannot be directly represented in this encoding can be written using Unicode escapes
# as defined in https://docs.Oracle.com/javase/specs/jls/se8/html/jls-3.html#jls-3.3, using the \u prefix.
# For example, \u002c.
#
# * Entries are generally expected to be a single line of the form, one of the following:
#
# propertyName=propertyValue
# propertyName:propertyValue
#
# * White space that appears between the property name and property value is ignored,
#  so the following are equivalent:
#
# name=Stephen
# name = Stephen
#
# * White space at the beginning of the line is also ignored.
#
# * Lines that start with the comment characters ! or # are ignored. Blank lines are also ignored.
#
# * The property value is generally terminated by the end of the line. White space following the
#  property value is not ignored, and is treated as part of the property value.
#
# * A property value can span several lines if each line is terminated by a backslash (鈥榎鈥 character.
#  For example:
#
# targetCities=\
#        Detroit,\
#        Chicago,\
#        Los Angeles
#
#  This is equivalent to targetCities=Detroit,Chicago,Los Angeles (white space at the beginning of lines is ignored).
#
# * The characters newline, carriage return, and tab can be inserted with characters \n, \r, and \t, respectively.
#
# * The backslash character must be escaped as a double backslash. For example:
#
# path=c:\\docs\\doc1
#

# If you are running more than one instances of Graylog server you have to select one of these
# instances as master. The master will perform some periodical tasks that non-masters won’t perform.
is_master = false

# The auto-generated node ID will be stored in this file and read after restarts. It is a good idea
# to use an absolute file path here if you are starting Graylog server from init scripts or similar.
node_id_file = /etc/graylog/server/node-id

# You MUST set a secret to secure/pepper the stored user passwords here. Use at least 64 characters.
# Generate one by using for example: pwgen -N 1 -s 96
password_secret = BjwAAuTEWDQNtAKhUL5lQ3TvW41saWseKpRdTSrecBFifsCJDXak4fudnACBcaMyl0I4yzJDF801Kyasdfsdfasdfasdfasd

# The default root user is named ‘admin’
root_username = admin

# You MUST specify a hash password for the root user (which you only need to initially set up the
# system and in case you lose connectivity to your authentication backend)
# This password cannot be changed using the API or via the web interface. If you need to change it,
# modify it in this file.
# Create one by using for example: echo -n yourpassword | shasum -a 256
# and put the resulting hash value into the following line
root_password_sha2 = 926c00b3f65df24b65a9a7b58a989add920c81441dccd2
dsfasdfasdf
# The email address of the root user.
# Default is empty
#root_email = “”

# The time zone setting of the root user. See http://www.joda.org/joda-time/timezones.html for a list of valid time zones.
# Default is UTC
root_timezone = Asia/Shanghai

# Set plugin directory here (relative or absolute)
plugin_dir = /usr/share/graylog-server/plugin

# REST API listen URI. Must be reachable by other Graylog server nodes if you run a cluster.
# When using Graylog Collectors, this URI will be used to receive heartbeat messages and must be accessible for all collectors.
rest_listen_uri = http://10.2.2.42:9000/api/

# REST API transport address. Defaults to the value of rest_listen_uri. Exception: If rest_listen_uri
# is set to a wildcard IP address (0.0.0.0) the first non-loopback IPv4 system address is used.
# If set, this will be promoted in the cluster discovery APIs, so other nodes may try to connect on
# this address and it is used to generate URLs addressing entities in the REST API. (see rest_listen_uri)
# You will need to define this, if your Graylog server is running behind a HTTP proxy that is rewriting
# the scheme, host name or URI.
# This must not contain a wildcard address (0.0.0.0).
rest_transport_uri = http://10.2.2.42:9000/api/

# Enable CORS headers for REST API. This is necessary for JS-clients accessing the server directly.
# If these are disabled, modern browsers will not be able to retrieve resources from the server.
# This is enabled by default. Uncomment the next line to disable it.
#rest_enable_cors = false

# Enable GZIP support for REST API. This compresses API responses and therefore helps to reduce
# overall round trip times. This is enabled by default. Uncomment the next line to disable it.
#rest_enable_gzip = false

# Enable HTTPS support for the REST API. This secures the communication with the REST API with
# TLS to prevent request forgery and eavesdropping. This is disabled by default. Uncomment the
# next line to enable it.
#rest_enable_tls = true

# The X.509 certificate chain file in PEM format to use for securing the REST API.
#rest_tls_cert_file = /path/to/graylog.crt

# The PKCS#8 private key file in PEM format to use for securing the REST API.
#rest_tls_key_file = /path/to/graylog.key

# The password to unlock the private key used for securing the REST API.
#rest_tls_key_password = secret

# The maximum size of the HTTP request headers in bytes.
#rest_max_header_size = 8192

# The maximal length of the initial HTTP/1.1 line in bytes.
#rest_max_initial_line_length = 4096

# The size of the thread pool used exclusively for serving the REST API.
#rest_thread_pool_size = 16

# Comma separated list of trusted proxies that are allowed to set the client address with X-Forwarded-For
# header. May be subnets, or hosts.
#trusted_proxies = 127.0.0.1/32, 0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1/128

# Enable the embedded Graylog web interface.
# Default: true
web_enable = true

# Web interface listen URI.
# Configuring a path for the URI here effectively prefixes all URIs in the web interface. This is a replacement
# for the application.context configuration parameter in pre-2.0 versions of the Graylog web interface.
web_listen_uri = http://10.2.2.42:9000/

# Web interface endpoint URI. This setting can be overriden on a per-request basis with the X-Graylog-Server-URL header.
# Default: $rest_transport_uri
web_endpoint_uri = http://42.111.111.111:9000/api

# Enable CORS headers for the web interface. This is necessary for JS-clients accessing the server directly.
# If these are disabled, modern browsers will not be able to retrieve resources from the server.
web_enable_cors = true

# Enable/disable GZIP support for the web interface. This compresses HTTP responses and therefore helps to reduce
# overall round trip times. This is enabled by default. Uncomment the next line to disable it.
#web_enable_gzip = false

# Enable HTTPS support for the web interface. This secures the communication of the web browser with the web interface
# using TLS to prevent request forgery and eavesdropping.
# This is disabled by default. Uncomment the next line to enable it and see the other related configuration settings.
#web_enable_tls = true

# The X.509 certificate chain file in PEM format to use for securing the web interface.
#web_tls_cert_file = /path/to/graylog-web.crt

# The PKCS#8 private key file in PEM format to use for securing the web interface.
#web_tls_key_file = /path/to/graylog-web.key

# The password to unlock the private key used for securing the web interface.
#web_tls_key_password = secret

# The maximum size of the HTTP request headers in bytes.
#web_max_header_size = 8192

# The maximal length of the initial HTTP/1.1 line in bytes.
#web_max_initial_line_length = 4096

# The size of the thread pool used exclusively for serving the web interface.
#web_thread_pool_size = 16

# List of Elasticsearch hosts Graylog should connect to.
# Need to be specified as a comma-separated list of valid URIs for the http ports of your elasticsearch nodes.
# If one or more of your elasticsearch hosts require authentication, include the credentials in each node URI that
# requires authentication.
#
# Default: http://127.0.0.1:9200
elasticsearch_hosts = http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.41:9200,http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.42:9200,http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.43:9200

# Maximum amount of time to wait for successfull connection to Elasticsearch HTTP port.
#
# Default: 10 Seconds
#elasticsearch_connect_timeout = 10s

# Maximum amount of time to wait for reading back a response from an Elasticsearch server.
#
# Default: 60 seconds
#elasticsearch_socket_timeout = 60s

# Maximum idle time for an Elasticsearch connection. If this is exceeded, this connection will
# be tore down.
#
# Default: inf
#elasticsearch_idle_timeout = -1s

# Maximum number of total connections to Elasticsearch.
#
# Default: 20
#elasticsearch_max_total_connections = 20

# Maximum number of total connections per Elasticsearch route (normally this means per
# elasticsearch server).
#
# Default: 2
#elasticsearch_max_total_connections_per_route = 2

# Maximum number of times Graylog will retry failed requests to Elasticsearch.
#
# Default: 2
#elasticsearch_max_retries = 2

# Enable automatic Elasticsearch node discovery through Nodes Info,
# see https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/5.4/cluster-nodes-info.html
#
# WARNING: Automatic node discovery does not work if Elasticsearch requires authentication, e. g. with Shield.
#
# Default: false
#elasticsearch_discovery_enabled = true

# Filter for including/excluding Elasticsearch nodes in discovery according to their custom attributes,
# see https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/5.4/cluster.html#cluster-nodes
#
# Default: empty
#elasticsearch_discovery_filter = rack:42

# Frequency of the Elasticsearch node discovery.
#
# Default: 30s
# elasticsearch_discovery_frequency = 30s

# Enable payload compression for Elasticsearch requests.
#
# Default: false
#elasticsearch_compression_enabled = true

# Graylog will use multiple indices to store documents in. You can configured the strategy it uses to determine
# when to rotate the currently active write index.
# It supports multiple rotation strategies:
#  – “count” of messages per index, use elasticsearch_max_docs_per_index below to configure
#  – “size” per index, use elasticsearch_max_size_per_index below to configure
# valid values are “count”, “size” and “time”, default is “count”
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
rotation_strategy = count

# (Approximate) maximum number of documents in an Elasticsearch index before a new index
# is being created, also see no_retention and elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices.
# Configure this if you used ‘rotation_strategy = count’ above.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_max_docs_per_index = 20000000

# (Approximate) maximum size in bytes per Elasticsearch index on disk before a new index is being created, also see
# no_retention and elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices. Default is 1GB.
# Configure this if you used ‘rotation_strategy = size’ above.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#elasticsearch_max_size_per_index = 1073741824

# (Approximate) maximum time before a new Elasticsearch index is being created, also see
# no_retention and elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices. Default is 1 day.
# Configure this if you used ‘rotation_strategy = time’ above.
# Please note that this rotation period does not look at the time specified in the received messages, but is
# using the real clock value to decide when to rotate the index!
# Specify the time using a duration and a suffix indicating which unit you want:
#  1w  = 1 week
#  1d  = 1 day
#  12h = 12 hours
# Permitted suffixes are: d for day, h for hour, m for minute, s for second.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#elasticsearch_max_time_per_index = 1d

# Disable checking the version of Elasticsearch for being compatible with this Graylog release.
# WARNING: Using Graylog with unsupported and untested versions of Elasticsearch may lead to data loss!
#elasticsearch_disable_version_check = true

# Disable message retention on this node, i. e. disable Elasticsearch index rotation.
#no_retention = false

# How many indices do you want to keep?
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices = 20

# Decide what happens with the oldest indices when the maximum number of indices is reached.
# The following strategies are availble:
#  – delete # Deletes the index completely (Default)
#  – close # Closes the index and hides it from the system. Can be re-opened later.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
retention_strategy = delete

# How many Elasticsearch shards and replicas should be used per index? Note that this only applies to newly created indices.
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_shards = 3
elasticsearch_replicas = 1

# Prefix for all Elasticsearch indices and index aliases managed by Graylog.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_index_prefix = graylog

# Name of the Elasticsearch index template used by Graylog to apply the mandatory index mapping.
# Default: graylog-internal
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#elasticsearch_template_name = graylog-internal

# Do you want to allow searches with leading wildcards? This can be extremely resource hungry and should only
# be enabled with care. See also: http://docs.graylog.org/en/2.1/pages/queries.html
allow_leading_wildcard_searches = false

# Do you want to allow searches to be highlighted? Depending on the size of your messages this can be memory hungry and
# should only be enabled after making sure your Elasticsearch cluster has enough memory.
allow_highlighting = true

# Analyzer (tokenizer) to use for message and full_message field. The “standard” filter usually is a good idea.
# All supported analyzers are: standard, simple, whitespace, stop, keyword, pattern, language, snowball, custom
# Elasticsearch documentation: https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/2.3/analysis.html
# Note that this setting only takes effect on newly created indices.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_analyzer = standard

# Global request timeout for Elasticsearch requests (e. g. during search, index creation, or index time-range
# calculations) based on a best-effort to restrict the runtime of Elasticsearch operations.
# Default: 1m
#elasticsearch_request_timeout = 1m

# Global timeout for index optimization (force merge) requests.
# Default: 1h
#elasticsearch_index_optimization_timeout = 1h

# Maximum number of concurrently running index optimization (force merge) jobs.
# If you are using lots of different index sets, you might want to increase that number.
# Default: 20
#elasticsearch_index_optimization_jobs = 20

# Time interval for index range information cleanups. This setting defines how often stale index range information
# is being purged from the database.
# Default: 1h
#index_ranges_cleanup_interval = 1h

# Batch size for the Elasticsearch output. This is the maximum (!) number of messages the Elasticsearch output
# module will get at once and write to Elasticsearch in a batch call. If the configured batch size has not been
# reached within output_flush_interval seconds, everything that is available will be flushed at once. Remember
# that every outputbuffer processor manages its own batch and performs its own batch write calls.
# (“outputbuffer_processors” variable)
output_batch_size = 500

# Flush interval (in seconds) for the Elasticsearch output. This is the maximum amount of time between two
# batches of messages written to Elasticsearch. It is only effective at all if your minimum number of messages
# for this time period is less than output_batch_size * outputbuffer_processors.
output_flush_interval = 1

# As stream outputs are loaded only on demand, an output which is failing to initialize will be tried over and
# over again. To prevent this, the following configuration options define after how many faults an output will
# not be tried again for an also configurable amount of seconds.
output_fault_count_threshold = 5
output_fault_penalty_seconds = 30

# The number of parallel running processors.
# Raise this number if your buffers are filling up.
processbuffer_processors = 5
outputbuffer_processors = 3

#outputbuffer_processor_keep_alive_time = 5000
#outputbuffer_processor_threads_core_pool_size = 3
#outputbuffer_processor_threads_max_pool_size = 30

# UDP receive buffer size for all message inputs (e. g. SyslogUDPInput).
#udp_recvbuffer_sizes = 1048576

# Wait strategy describing how buffer processors wait on a cursor sequence. (default: sleeping)
# Possible types:
#  – yielding
#    Compromise between performance and CPU usage.
#  – sleeping
#    Compromise between performance and CPU usage. Latency spikes can occur after quiet periods.
#  – blocking
#    High throughput, low latency, higher CPU usage.
#  – busy_spinning
#    Avoids syscalls which could introduce latency jitter. Best when threads can be bound to specific CPU cores.
processor_wait_strategy = blocking

# Size of internal ring buffers. Raise this if raising outputbuffer_processors does not help anymore.
# For optimum performance your LogMessage objects in the ring buffer should fit in your CPU L3 cache.
# Must be a power of 2. (512, 1024, 2048, …)
ring_size = 65536

inputbuffer_ring_size = 65536
inputbuffer_processors = 2
inputbuffer_wait_strategy = blocking

# Enable the disk based message journal.
message_journal_enabled = true

# The directory which will be used to store the message journal. The directory must me exclusively used by Graylog and
# must not contain any other files than the ones created by Graylog itself.
#
# ATTENTION:
#  If you create a seperate partition for the journal files and use a file system creating directories like ‘lost+found’
#  in the root directory, you need to create a sub directory for your journal.
#  Otherwise Graylog will log an error message that the journal is corrupt and Graylog will not start.
message_journal_dir = /var/lib/graylog-server/journal

# Journal hold messages before they could be written to Elasticsearch.
# For a maximum of 12 hours or 5 GB whichever happens first.
# During normal operation the journal will be smaller.
#message_journal_max_age = 12h
#message_journal_max_size = 5gb

#message_journal_flush_age = 1m
#message_journal_flush_interval = 1000000
#message_journal_segment_age = 1h
#message_journal_segment_size = 100mb

# Number of threads used exclusively for dispatching internal events. Default is 2.
#async_eventbus_processors = 2

# How many seconds to wait between marking node as DEAD for possible load balancers and starting the actual
# shutdown process. Set to 0 if you have no status checking load balancers in front.
lb_recognition_period_seconds = 3

# Journal usage percentage that triggers requesting throttling for this server node from load balancers. The feature is
# disabled if not set.
#lb_throttle_threshold_percentage = 95

# Every message is matched against the configured streams and it can happen that a stream contains rules which
# take an unusual amount of time to run, for example if its using regular expressions that perform excessive backtracking.
# This will impact the processing of the entire server. To keep such misbehaving stream rules from impacting other
# streams, Graylog limits the execution time for each stream.
# The default values are noted below, the timeout is in milliseconds.
# If the stream matching for one stream took longer than the timeout value, and this happened more than “max_faults” times
# that stream is disabled and a notification is shown in the web interface.
#stream_processing_timeout = 2000
#stream_processing_max_faults = 3

# Length of the interval in seconds in which the alert conditions for all streams should be checked
# and alarms are being sent.
#alert_check_interval = 60

# Since 0.21 the Graylog server supports pluggable output modules. This means a single message can be written to multiple
# outputs. The next setting defines the timeout for a single output module, including the default output module where all
# messages end up.
#
# Time in milliseconds to wait for all message outputs to finish writing a single message.
#output_module_timeout = 10000

# Time in milliseconds after which a detected stale master node is being rechecked on startup.
#stale_master_timeout = 2000

# Time in milliseconds which Graylog is waiting for all threads to stop on shutdown.
#shutdown_timeout = 30000

# MongoDB connection string
# See https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/connection-string/ for details
mongodb_uri = mongodb://graylog:75PN76Db66En@10.2.2.41:27017,10.2.2.42:27017,10.2.2.43:27017/graylog?replicaSet=rs0

# Authenticate against the MongoDB server
#mongodb_uri = mongodb://grayloguser:secret@localhost:27017/graylog

# Use a replica set instead of a single host
#mongodb_uri = mongodb://grayloguser:secret@localhost:27017,localhost:27018,localhost:27019/graylog

# Increase this value according to the maximum connections your MongoDB server can handle from a single client
# if you encounter MongoDB connection problems.
mongodb_max_connections = 1000

# Number of threads allowed to be blocked by MongoDB connections multiplier. Default: 5
# If mongodb_max_connections is 100, and mongodb_threads_allowed_to_block_multiplier is 5,
# then 500 threads can block. More than that and an exception will be thrown.
# http://api.mongodb.com/java/current/com/mongodb/MongoOptions.html#threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier
mongodb_threads_allowed_to_block_multiplier = 5

# Drools Rule File (Use to rewrite incoming log messages)
# See: http://docs.graylog.org/en/2.1/pages/drools.html
#rules_file = /etc/graylog/server/rules.drl

# Email transport
#transport_email_enabled = false
#transport_email_hostname = mail.example.com
#transport_email_port = 587
#transport_email_use_auth = true
#transport_email_use_tls = true
#transport_email_use_ssl = true
#transport_email_auth_username = you@example.com
#transport_email_auth_password = secret
#transport_email_subject_prefix = [graylog]
#transport_email_from_email = graylog@example.com

# Specify and uncomment this if you want to include links to the stream in your stream alert mails.
# This should define the fully qualified base url to your web interface exactly the same way as it is accessed by your users.
#transport_email_web_interface_url = https://graylog.example.com

# The default connect timeout for outgoing HTTP connections.
# Values must be a positive duration (and between 1 and 2147483647 when converted to milliseconds).
# Default: 5s
#http_connect_timeout = 5s

# The default read timeout for outgoing HTTP connections.
# Values must be a positive duration (and between 1 and 2147483647 when converted to milliseconds).
# Default: 10s
#http_read_timeout = 10s

# The default write timeout for outgoing HTTP connections.
# Values must be a positive duration (and between 1 and 2147483647 when converted to milliseconds).
# Default: 10s
#http_write_timeout = 10s

# HTTP proxy for outgoing HTTP connections
#http_proxy_uri =

# Disable the optimization of Elasticsearch indices after index cycling. This may take some load from Elasticsearch
# on heavily used systems with large indices, but it will decrease search performance. The default is to optimize
# cycled indices.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#disable_index_optimization = true

# Optimize the index down to <= index_optimization_max_num_segments. A higher number may take some load from Elasticsearch
# on heavily used systems with large indices, but it will decrease search performance. The default is 1.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#index_optimization_max_num_segments = 1

# The threshold of the garbage collection runs. If GC runs take longer than this threshold, a system notification
# will be generated to warn the administrator about possible problems with the system. Default is 1 second.
#gc_warning_threshold = 1s

# Connection timeout for a configured LDAP server (e. g. ActiveDirectory) in milliseconds.
#ldap_connection_timeout = 2000

# Disable the use of SIGAR for collecting system stats
#disable_sigar = false

# The default cache time for dashboard widgets. (Default: 10 seconds, minimum: 1 second)
#dashboard_widget_default_cache_time = 10s

# Automatically load content packs in “content_packs_dir” on the first start of Graylog.
#content_packs_loader_enabled = true

# The directory which contains content packs which should be loaded on the first start of Graylog.
content_packs_dir = /usr/share/graylog-server/contentpacks

# A comma-separated list of content packs (files in “content_packs_dir”) which should be applied on
# the first start of Graylog.
# Default: empty
content_packs_auto_load = grok-patterns.json

# For some cluster-related REST requests, the node must query all other nodes in the cluster. This is the maximum number
# of threads available for this. Increase it, if ‘/cluster/*’ requests take long to complete.
# Should be rest_thread_pool_size * average_cluster_size if you have a high number of concurrent users.
proxied_requests_thread_pool_size = 32

 

server.conf

启动 graylog 服务:

$ sudo chkconfig --add graylog-server
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable graylog-server.service
$ sudo systemctl start graylog-server.service

 

 4. 多节点集群配置安装

① MongoDB 集群配置:

修改所有 mongdb 节点的配置文件 /etc/mongod.conf,添加集群 replication 信息 replSetName: rs0,并重启服务。

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

# cat /etc/mongod.conf 
# mongod.conf

# for documentation of all options, see:
#   http://docs.mongodb.org/manual/reference/configuration-options/

# where to write logging data.
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log

# Where and how to store data.
storage:
  dbPath: /var/lib/mongo
  journal:
    enabled: true
#  engine:
#  mmapv1:
#  wiredTiger:

# how the process runs
processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod.pid  # location of pidfile

# network interfaces
net:
  port: 27017
#  bindIp: 127.0.0.1  # Listen to local interface only, comment to listen on all interfaces.


#security:

#operationProfiling:

replication:
  replSetName: rs0
#sharding:

## Enterprise-Only Options

#auditLog:

#snmp:

mongod.conf

$ sudo systemctl restart mongod.service

在集群其中一个节点,启动 mongo 命令行:

$ mongo

初始化 mongodb 集群,使用本机 hostname 或 IP 加端口:

$ rs.initiate( {_id : "rs0",
   members: [{ _id : 0, host : "mongodb0.example.net:27017" } ]
})

验证集群配置:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

$ rs.conf()

{"_id" : "rs0",
   "version" : 1,
   "protocolVersion" : NumberLong(1),
   "members" : [
      {"_id" : 0,
         "host" : "mongodb0.example.net:27017",
         "arbiterOnly" : false,
         "buildIndexes" : true,
         "hidden" : false,
         "priority" : 1,
         "tags" : { },
         "slaveDelay" : NumberLong(0),
         "votes" : 1
      }
   ],
   "settings" : {"chainingAllowed" : true,
      "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : 2000,
      "heartbeatTimeoutSecs" : 10,
      "electionTimeoutMillis" : 10000,
      "catchUpTimeoutMillis" : 2000,
      "getLastErrorModes" : { },
      "getLastErrorDefaults" : {"w" : 1,
         "wtimeout" : 0
      },
      "replicaSetId" : ObjectId("585ab9df685f726db2c6a840")
   }
}

rs.conf()

将其他节点加入集群,并查看集群配置:

rs0:PRIMARY> rs.add("mongodb1.example.net")
rs0:PRIMARY> rs.add("mongodb2.example.net")
rs0:PRIMARY> rs.status()

创建 graylog 数据库,并添加 graylog 用户,赋予 readWrite 和 dbAdmin 权限:

rs0:PRIMARY> use graylog
switched to db graylog
rs0:PRIMARY> db.createUser( {user: "graylog",
     pwd: "75PN76Db66En",
     roles: [{ role: "readWrite", db: "graylog" } ]
   });
rs0:PRIMARY> db.grantRolesToUser("graylog" , [{ role: "dbAdmin", db: "graylog" } ])
rs0:PRIMARY> show users
rs0:PRIMARY> db.auth("graylog","75sdfsdsdfn") 

② Elasticsearch 集群配置:

修改 elasticsearch 配置文件并重启服务:

# cat /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml | grep cluster.name
cluster.name: graylog
# cat /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml | grep discovery.zen.ping
discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["10.2.2.41", "10.2.2.43"]
# cat /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml | grep network.host
network.host: 10.2.2.42

③ graylog 集群配置

graylog master 节点修改配置 server.conf 中 is_master = true,其他节点为 false,同时 rest_listen_uri 以及 rest_transport_uri 必须可以被集群中的其他节点连通。

修改 mongodb 连接配置:

# cat /etc/graylog/server/server.conf|grep mongodb_uri
mongodb_uri = mongodb://graylog:75PN76Db66En@10.2.2.41:27017,10.2.2.42:27017,10.2.2.43:27017/graylog?replicaSet=rs0

修改 elasticsearch 连接配置:

# cat /etc/graylog/server/server.conf|grep elasticsearch_hosts
elasticsearch_hosts = http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.41:9200,http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.42:9200,http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.43:9200

开启 web 界面:

# cat /etc/graylog/server/server.conf|grep web_enable
web_enable = true

 

④ 创建负载均衡器,对 graylog 配置负载均衡,我使用的是微软云负载均衡,这里不再说明。

此时可以通过 负载均衡器 IP:9000 对 graylog 进行访问。

 

5. 日志接入

接入 syslog

首先在 webui 创建 input:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

以 rsyslog 为例:

/etc/rsyslog.d/graylog.conf:

*.* @@x.x.x.x:514;RSYSLOG_SyslogProtocol23Format

service rsyslog restart

 

即可查看该 input 的 message:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

GELF (http 为例)

GELF (Graylog Extended Log Format) 可以接收结构化的事件,支持压缩 (GZIP’d or ZLIB’d) 和分块。

GELF message:

    • version string
    • host string
    • short_message string
    • full_message string
    • timestamp number
    • level number
    • facility string
    • line number
    • file string
    • _[additional field] string or number, 通过  _  前缀添加自定义的字段

新建一个 GELF HTTP input:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

推送日志:

curl -XPOST http://106.75.62.142:12201/gelf -p0 -d '{"message":" 这是一条消息 ","host":"172.3.3.3","facility":"test","topic":"meme"}'

 

查看推送的日志:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

收集服务日志(nodejs 为例)

log4js, bunyan,winston 等等 nodejs 日志框架都可以,这里我们以 bunyan 为例,因为 bunyan 可以将日志以 json 的形式打印。

const express = require('express');
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
const bunyan = require('bunyan');

const log = bunyan.createLogger({name: 'server-bunyan',
    level: 'debug',
    streams: [{type: 'rotating-file',
        path: '/data/logs/server-bunyan.log',
        period: '1d',
        count: 3
    }]
});


const app = express();
app.use(bodyParser.json());
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: true }));

app.get('/hello', (req, res) => {log.info({query: req.query}, 'hello');
    res.send('hello world');
});

app.listen(5004, '0.0.0.0', () => {log.info('app listening on 5004');
});

rsyslog:

module(load="imfile" PollingInterval="10")

# input
input(type
="imfile" File="/data/logs/server.log" Tag="server" ruleset="push_remote") input(type="imfile" File="/data/logs/detail.log" Tag="detail" ruleset="push_remote") input(type="imfile" File="/data/logs/server-bunyan.log" Tag="bunyan_server" ruleset="push_remote") # template template(name="mytpl" type="string" string="node1 %programname% %msg%\n" ) # output ruleset(name="push_remote") { action(type="omfwd" protocol="tcp" target="x.x.x.x" port="515" template="mytpl" action.resumeRetryCount="-1" action.resumeInterval="1" queue.filename="push-remote" queue.size="100000" queue.highwatermark="60000" queue.lowwatermark="2000" queue.maxdiskspace="100g" queue.saveonshutdown="on" queue.type="LinkedList" queue.maxfilesize="128m" ) } 

 

新建 input,监听 515 端口,这里我们体验一下 graylog 的 Extractor,给改 input 添加一个 Extractor:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

我们加了一个抓取器,来提取  node, topic  两个字段。

在 webui 查看该 input 的 message:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

Alerts

Graylog 内置的告警条件:

    • 消息数量
    • 字段值(number)
    • 字段内容

内置告警方式:

    • Email
    • HTTP 回调

体验一下 HTTP 回调。

新建一个 Stream,进入 manager alerts, 新建一个告警条件:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

创建一个 HTTP 回调:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

告警以 post 方式请求回调, 请求的 body 内容:

{"check_result": {"result_description": "Stream had 0 messages in the last 1 minutes with trigger condition less than 10 messages. (Current grace time: 1 minutes)",
        "triggered_condition": {"id": "6bacc1c1-1eac-49f9-9ac8-998ea851f101",
            "type": "message_count",
            "created_at": "2017-01-17T05:25:13.592Z",
            "creator_user_id": "admin",
            "title": "日志一分钟内少于 10 条",
            "parameters": {"grace": 1,
                "threshold_type": "less",
                "threshold": 10,
                "time": 1,
                "backlog": 0
            }
        },
        "triggered_at": "2017-01-17T05:44:11.921Z",
        "triggered": true,
        "matching_messages": []},
    "stream": {"creator_user_id": "admin",
        "outputs": [],
        "alert_receivers": {"emails": ["dongsoso@hotmail.com"
            ],
            "users": ["dongsoso@hotmail.com"
            ]
        },
        "matching_type": "AND",
        "description": "alert",
        "created_at": "2017-01-17T05:21:58.852Z",
        "disabled": false,
        "rules": [],
        "alert_conditions": [
            {"creator_user_id": "admin",
                "created_at": "2017-01-17T05:25:13.592Z",
                "id": "6bacc1c1-1eac-49f9-9ac8-998ea851f101",
                "type": "message_count",
                "title": "日志一分钟内少于 10 条",
                "parameters": {"grace": 1,
                    "threshold_type": "less",
                    "threshold": 10,
                    "time": 1,
                    "backlog": 0
                }
            }
        ],
        "id": "587da9f62ab79c0001352b7a",
        "title": "test",
        "content_pack": null
    }
} 

查看告警历史:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

更多更好用的功能等待发现…

官方文档: http://docs.graylog.org/en/2.3/index.html

本文永久更新链接地址:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-10/147410.htm

1. Graylog2 简介

Graylog 是一个简单易用、功能较全面的日志管理工具,相比 ELK 组合,优点:

    • 部署维护简单,一体化解决方案,不像 ELK 三个独立系统集成。
    • 查相比 ES json 语法,搜索语法更加简单,如 source:mongo AND reponse_time_ms:>5000。
    • 内置简单的告警。
    • 可以将搜索条件导出为 json 格式文本,方便开发调用 ES rest api 搜索脚本。
    • 自己开发采集日志的脚本,并用 curl/nc 发送到 Graylog Server,发送格式是自定义的 GELF,Flunted 和 Logstash 都有相应的输出 GELF 消息的插件。自己开发带来很大的自由度。实际上只需要用 inotifywait 监控日志的 modify 事件,并把日志的新增行用 curl/netcat 发送到 Graylog Server 就可。
    • UI 比较友好,搜索结果高亮显示。

当然,在拓展性上,graylog 还是不如 ELK。

Graylog 整体组成:

    • Graylog 提供 graylog 对外接口,CPU 密集
    • Elasticsearch 日志文件的持久化存储和检索,IO 密集 
    • MongoDB 存储一些 Graylog 的配置 

2. Graylog 架构

单 server 架构 :

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

 

Graylog 集群架构 :

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

 

3. Graylog 安装

这里我搭建的是集群方案,但是将 ES 与 Graylog 和 MongoDB 部署在同一台 server 上。

① 前提条件:

$ sudo yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk-headless.x86_64
$ sed -i 's/^SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
$ setenforce 0

# 安装 pwgen
$ sudo yum install epel-release
$ sudo yum install pwgen

② MongoDB 安装:

创建 /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-3.2.repo 文件,添加如下内容:

[mongodb-org-3.2]
name=MongoDB Repository
baseurl=https://repo.mongodb.org/yum/RedHat/$releasever/mongodb-org/3.2/x86_64/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.2.asc

安装 MongoDB:

sudo yum install mongodb-org

启动服务:

$ sudo chkconfig --add mongod
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable mongod.service
$ sudo systemctl start mongod.service

③Elasticsearch 安装:

Graylog 2.3.x 支持 Elasticsearch 5.x 版本。

首先安装 Elastic GPG key 以及 repository 文件,然后 yum 安装:

$ rpm --import https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
$ cat /etc/yum.repos.d/elasticsearch.repo [elasticsearch-5.x] name=Elasticsearch repository for 5.x packages baseurl=https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/5.x/yum gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch enabled=1 autorefresh=1 type=rpm-md

$ sudo yum install elasticsearch

编辑 Elasticsearch 配置文件 /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml,添加 cluster 信息:

CentOS 搭建 Graylog 集群详解

# cat /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml 
# ======================== Elasticsearch Configuration =========================
#
# NOTE: Elasticsearch comes with reasonable defaults for most settings.
#       Before you set out to tweak and tune the configuration, make sure you
#       understand what are you trying to accomplish and the consequences.
#
# The primary way of configuring a node is via this file. This template lists
# the most important settings you may want to configure for a production cluster.
#
# Please consult the documentation for further information on configuration options:
# https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/index.html
#
# ---------------------------------- Cluster -----------------------------------
#
# Use a descriptive name for your cluster:
#
cluster.name: graylog
#
# ------------------------------------ Node ------------------------------------
#
# Use a descriptive name for the node:
#
node.name: shop-log-02
#
# Add custom attributes to the node:
#
#node.attr.rack: r1
#
# ----------------------------------- Paths ------------------------------------
#
# Path to directory where to store the data (separate multiple locations by comma):
#
path.data: /data/elasticsearch/db
#
# Path to log files:
#
path.logs: /data/elasticsearch/logs
#
# ----------------------------------- Memory -----------------------------------
#
# Lock the memory on startup:
#
#bootstrap.memory_lock: true
#
# Make sure that the heap size is set to about half the memory available
# on the system and that the owner of the process is allowed to use this
# limit.
#
# Elasticsearch performs poorly when the system is swapping the memory.
#
# ---------------------------------- Network -----------------------------------
#
# Set the bind address to a specific IP (IPv4 or IPv6):
#
network.host: 10.2.2.42
#
# Set a custom port for HTTP:
#
http.port: 9200
#
# For more information, consult the network module documentation.
#
# --------------------------------- Discovery ----------------------------------
#
# Pass an initial list of hosts to perform discovery when new node is started:
# The default list of hosts is ["127.0.0.1", "[::1]"]
#
# 这里给其他两个节点的地址
discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["10.2.2.41", "10.2.2.43"]
#
# Prevent the "split brain" by configuring the majority of nodes (total number of master-eligible nodes / 2 + 1):
#
discovery.zen.minimum_master_nodes: 2
#
# For more information, consult the zen discovery module documentation.
#
# ---------------------------------- Gateway -----------------------------------
#
# Block initial recovery after a full cluster restart until N nodes are started:
#
#gateway.recover_after_nodes: 3
#
# For more information, consult the gateway module documentation.
#
# ---------------------------------- Various -----------------------------------
#
# Require explicit names when deleting indices:
#
#action.destructive_requires_name: true
http.cors.enabled: true
http.cors.allow-origin: "*"

elasticsearch.yml

启动 Elasticsearch 服务:

$ sudo chkconfig --add elasticsearch
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch.service
$ sudo systemctl restart elasticsearch.service

 

④Graylog 安装

$ sudo rpm -Uvh https://packages.graylog2.org/repo/packages/graylog-2.3-repository_latest.rpm
$ sudo yum install graylog-server

编辑 graylog 配置文件 /etc/graylog/server/server.conf,添加 password_secret 和 password_secret_sha2(必须)

可以使用 echo n yourpassword | sha256sum 命令来生成 password_secret_sha2。

设置 rest_listen_uri 以及 web_listen_uri 为公共 ip 或公共 hostname,以便连接 graylog。

# cat /etc/graylog/server/server.conf
############################
# GRAYLOG CONFIGURATION FILE
############################
#
# This is the Graylog configuration file. The file has to use ISO 8859-1/Latin-1 character encoding.
# Characters that cannot be directly represented in this encoding can be written using Unicode escapes
# as defined in https://docs.Oracle.com/javase/specs/jls/se8/html/jls-3.html#jls-3.3, using the \u prefix.
# For example, \u002c.
#
# * Entries are generally expected to be a single line of the form, one of the following:
#
# propertyName=propertyValue
# propertyName:propertyValue
#
# * White space that appears between the property name and property value is ignored,
#  so the following are equivalent:
#
# name=Stephen
# name = Stephen
#
# * White space at the beginning of the line is also ignored.
#
# * Lines that start with the comment characters ! or # are ignored. Blank lines are also ignored.
#
# * The property value is generally terminated by the end of the line. White space following the
#  property value is not ignored, and is treated as part of the property value.
#
# * A property value can span several lines if each line is terminated by a backslash (鈥榎鈥 character.
#  For example:
#
# targetCities=\
#        Detroit,\
#        Chicago,\
#        Los Angeles
#
#  This is equivalent to targetCities=Detroit,Chicago,Los Angeles (white space at the beginning of lines is ignored).
#
# * The characters newline, carriage return, and tab can be inserted with characters \n, \r, and \t, respectively.
#
# * The backslash character must be escaped as a double backslash. For example:
#
# path=c:\\docs\\doc1
#

# If you are running more than one instances of Graylog server you have to select one of these
# instances as master. The master will perform some periodical tasks that non-masters won’t perform.
is_master = false

# The auto-generated node ID will be stored in this file and read after restarts. It is a good idea
# to use an absolute file path here if you are starting Graylog server from init scripts or similar.
node_id_file = /etc/graylog/server/node-id

# You MUST set a secret to secure/pepper the stored user passwords here. Use at least 64 characters.
# Generate one by using for example: pwgen -N 1 -s 96
password_secret = BjwAAuTEWDQNtAKhUL5lQ3TvW41saWseKpRdTSrecBFifsCJDXak4fudnACBcaMyl0I4yzJDF801Kyasdfsdfasdfasdfasd

# The default root user is named ‘admin’
root_username = admin

# You MUST specify a hash password for the root user (which you only need to initially set up the
# system and in case you lose connectivity to your authentication backend)
# This password cannot be changed using the API or via the web interface. If you need to change it,
# modify it in this file.
# Create one by using for example: echo -n yourpassword | shasum -a 256
# and put the resulting hash value into the following line
root_password_sha2 = 926c00b3f65df24b65a9a7b58a989add920c81441dccd2
dsfasdfasdf
# The email address of the root user.
# Default is empty
#root_email = “”

# The time zone setting of the root user. See http://www.joda.org/joda-time/timezones.html for a list of valid time zones.
# Default is UTC
root_timezone = Asia/Shanghai

# Set plugin directory here (relative or absolute)
plugin_dir = /usr/share/graylog-server/plugin

# REST API listen URI. Must be reachable by other Graylog server nodes if you run a cluster.
# When using Graylog Collectors, this URI will be used to receive heartbeat messages and must be accessible for all collectors.
rest_listen_uri = http://10.2.2.42:9000/api/

# REST API transport address. Defaults to the value of rest_listen_uri. Exception: If rest_listen_uri
# is set to a wildcard IP address (0.0.0.0) the first non-loopback IPv4 system address is used.
# If set, this will be promoted in the cluster discovery APIs, so other nodes may try to connect on
# this address and it is used to generate URLs addressing entities in the REST API. (see rest_listen_uri)
# You will need to define this, if your Graylog server is running behind a HTTP proxy that is rewriting
# the scheme, host name or URI.
# This must not contain a wildcard address (0.0.0.0).
rest_transport_uri = http://10.2.2.42:9000/api/

# Enable CORS headers for REST API. This is necessary for JS-clients accessing the server directly.
# If these are disabled, modern browsers will not be able to retrieve resources from the server.
# This is enabled by default. Uncomment the next line to disable it.
#rest_enable_cors = false

# Enable GZIP support for REST API. This compresses API responses and therefore helps to reduce
# overall round trip times. This is enabled by default. Uncomment the next line to disable it.
#rest_enable_gzip = false

# Enable HTTPS support for the REST API. This secures the communication with the REST API with
# TLS to prevent request forgery and eavesdropping. This is disabled by default. Uncomment the
# next line to enable it.
#rest_enable_tls = true

# The X.509 certificate chain file in PEM format to use for securing the REST API.
#rest_tls_cert_file = /path/to/graylog.crt

# The PKCS#8 private key file in PEM format to use for securing the REST API.
#rest_tls_key_file = /path/to/graylog.key

# The password to unlock the private key used for securing the REST API.
#rest_tls_key_password = secret

# The maximum size of the HTTP request headers in bytes.
#rest_max_header_size = 8192

# The maximal length of the initial HTTP/1.1 line in bytes.
#rest_max_initial_line_length = 4096

# The size of the thread pool used exclusively for serving the REST API.
#rest_thread_pool_size = 16

# Comma separated list of trusted proxies that are allowed to set the client address with X-Forwarded-For
# header. May be subnets, or hosts.
#trusted_proxies = 127.0.0.1/32, 0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1/128

# Enable the embedded Graylog web interface.
# Default: true
web_enable = true

# Web interface listen URI.
# Configuring a path for the URI here effectively prefixes all URIs in the web interface. This is a replacement
# for the application.context configuration parameter in pre-2.0 versions of the Graylog web interface.
web_listen_uri = http://10.2.2.42:9000/

# Web interface endpoint URI. This setting can be overriden on a per-request basis with the X-Graylog-Server-URL header.
# Default: $rest_transport_uri
web_endpoint_uri = http://42.111.111.111:9000/api

# Enable CORS headers for the web interface. This is necessary for JS-clients accessing the server directly.
# If these are disabled, modern browsers will not be able to retrieve resources from the server.
web_enable_cors = true

# Enable/disable GZIP support for the web interface. This compresses HTTP responses and therefore helps to reduce
# overall round trip times. This is enabled by default. Uncomment the next line to disable it.
#web_enable_gzip = false

# Enable HTTPS support for the web interface. This secures the communication of the web browser with the web interface
# using TLS to prevent request forgery and eavesdropping.
# This is disabled by default. Uncomment the next line to enable it and see the other related configuration settings.
#web_enable_tls = true

# The X.509 certificate chain file in PEM format to use for securing the web interface.
#web_tls_cert_file = /path/to/graylog-web.crt

# The PKCS#8 private key file in PEM format to use for securing the web interface.
#web_tls_key_file = /path/to/graylog-web.key

# The password to unlock the private key used for securing the web interface.
#web_tls_key_password = secret

# The maximum size of the HTTP request headers in bytes.
#web_max_header_size = 8192

# The maximal length of the initial HTTP/1.1 line in bytes.
#web_max_initial_line_length = 4096

# The size of the thread pool used exclusively for serving the web interface.
#web_thread_pool_size = 16

# List of Elasticsearch hosts Graylog should connect to.
# Need to be specified as a comma-separated list of valid URIs for the http ports of your elasticsearch nodes.
# If one or more of your elasticsearch hosts require authentication, include the credentials in each node URI that
# requires authentication.
#
# Default: http://127.0.0.1:9200
elasticsearch_hosts = http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.41:9200,http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.42:9200,http://grayloguser:3KKLg8294CE0@10.2.2.43:9200

# Maximum amount of time to wait for successfull connection to Elasticsearch HTTP port.
#
# Default: 10 Seconds
#elasticsearch_connect_timeout = 10s

# Maximum amount of time to wait for reading back a response from an Elasticsearch server.
#
# Default: 60 seconds
#elasticsearch_socket_timeout = 60s

# Maximum idle time for an Elasticsearch connection. If this is exceeded, this connection will
# be tore down.
#
# Default: inf
#elasticsearch_idle_timeout = -1s

# Maximum number of total connections to Elasticsearch.
#
# Default: 20
#elasticsearch_max_total_connections = 20

# Maximum number of total connections per Elasticsearch route (normally this means per
# elasticsearch server).
#
# Default: 2
#elasticsearch_max_total_connections_per_route = 2

# Maximum number of times Graylog will retry failed requests to Elasticsearch.
#
# Default: 2
#elasticsearch_max_retries = 2

# Enable automatic Elasticsearch node discovery through Nodes Info,
# see https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/5.4/cluster-nodes-info.html
#
# WARNING: Automatic node discovery does not work if Elasticsearch requires authentication, e. g. with Shield.
#
# Default: false
#elasticsearch_discovery_enabled = true

# Filter for including/excluding Elasticsearch nodes in discovery according to their custom attributes,
# see https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/5.4/cluster.html#cluster-nodes
#
# Default: empty
#elasticsearch_discovery_filter = rack:42

# Frequency of the Elasticsearch node discovery.
#
# Default: 30s
# elasticsearch_discovery_frequency = 30s

# Enable payload compression for Elasticsearch requests.
#
# Default: false
#elasticsearch_compression_enabled = true

# Graylog will use multiple indices to store documents in. You can configured the strategy it uses to determine
# when to rotate the currently active write index.
# It supports multiple rotation strategies:
#  – “count” of messages per index, use elasticsearch_max_docs_per_index below to configure
#  – “size” per index, use elasticsearch_max_size_per_index below to configure
# valid values are “count”, “size” and “time”, default is “count”
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
rotation_strategy = count

# (Approximate) maximum number of documents in an Elasticsearch index before a new index
# is being created, also see no_retention and elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices.
# Configure this if you used ‘rotation_strategy = count’ above.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_max_docs_per_index = 20000000

# (Approximate) maximum size in bytes per Elasticsearch index on disk before a new index is being created, also see
# no_retention and elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices. Default is 1GB.
# Configure this if you used ‘rotation_strategy = size’ above.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#elasticsearch_max_size_per_index = 1073741824

# (Approximate) maximum time before a new Elasticsearch index is being created, also see
# no_retention and elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices. Default is 1 day.
# Configure this if you used ‘rotation_strategy = time’ above.
# Please note that this rotation period does not look at the time specified in the received messages, but is
# using the real clock value to decide when to rotate the index!
# Specify the time using a duration and a suffix indicating which unit you want:
#  1w  = 1 week
#  1d  = 1 day
#  12h = 12 hours
# Permitted suffixes are: d for day, h for hour, m for minute, s for second.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#elasticsearch_max_time_per_index = 1d

# Disable checking the version of Elasticsearch for being compatible with this Graylog release.
# WARNING: Using Graylog with unsupported and untested versions of Elasticsearch may lead to data loss!
#elasticsearch_disable_version_check = true

# Disable message retention on this node, i. e. disable Elasticsearch index rotation.
#no_retention = false

# How many indices do you want to keep?
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices = 20

# Decide what happens with the oldest indices when the maximum number of indices is reached.
# The following strategies are availble:
#  – delete # Deletes the index completely (Default)
#  – close # Closes the index and hides it from the system. Can be re-opened later.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in 2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous 1.x settings so they will be migrated to the database!
retention_strategy = delete

# How many Elasticsearch shards and replicas should be used per index? Note that this only applies to newly created indices.
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_shards = 3
elasticsearch_replicas = 1

# Prefix for all Elasticsearch indices and index aliases managed by Graylog.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_index_prefix = graylog

# Name of the Elasticsearch index template used by Graylog to apply the mandatory index mapping.
# Default: graylog-internal
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#elasticsearch_template_name = graylog-internal

# Do you want to allow searches with leading wildcards? This can be extremely resource hungry and should only
# be enabled with care. See also: http://docs.graylog.org/en/2.1/pages/queries.html
allow_leading_wildcard_searches = false

# Do you want to allow searches to be highlighted? Depending on the size of your messages this can be memory hungry and
# should only be enabled after making sure your Elasticsearch cluster has enough memory.
allow_highlighting = true

# Analyzer (tokenizer) to use for message and full_message field. The “standard” filter usually is a good idea.
# All supported analyzers are: standard, simple, whitespace, stop, keyword, pattern, language, snowball, custom
# Elasticsearch documentation: https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/2.3/analysis.html
# Note that this setting only takes effect on newly created indices.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
elasticsearch_analyzer = standard

# Global request timeout for Elasticsearch requests (e. g. during search, index creation, or index time-range
# calculations) based on a best-effort to restrict the runtime of Elasticsearch operations.
# Default: 1m
#elasticsearch_request_timeout = 1m

# Global timeout for index optimization (force merge) requests.
# Default: 1h
#elasticsearch_index_optimization_timeout = 1h

# Maximum number of concurrently running index optimization (force merge) jobs.
# If you are using lots of different index sets, you might want to increase that number.
# Default: 20
#elasticsearch_index_optimization_jobs = 20

# Time interval for index range information cleanups. This setting defines how often stale index range information
# is being purged from the database.
# Default: 1h
#index_ranges_cleanup_interval = 1h

# Batch size for the Elasticsearch output. This is the maximum (!) number of messages the Elasticsearch output
# module will get at once and write to Elasticsearch in a batch call. If the configured batch size has not been
# reached within output_flush_interval seconds, everything that is available will be flushed at once. Remember
# that every outputbuffer processor manages its own batch and performs its own batch write calls.
# (“outputbuffer_processors” variable)
output_batch_size = 500

# Flush interval (in seconds) for the Elasticsearch output. This is the maximum amount of time between two
# batches of messages written to Elasticsearch. It is only effective at all if your minimum number of messages
# for this time period is less than output_batch_size * outputbuffer_processors.
output_flush_interval = 1

# As stream outputs are loaded only on demand, an output which is failing to initialize will be tried over and
# over again. To prevent this, the following configuration options define after how many faults an output will
# not be tried again for an also configurable amount of seconds.
output_fault_count_threshold = 5
output_fault_penalty_seconds = 30

# The number of parallel running processors.
# Raise this number if your buffers are filling up.
processbuffer_processors = 5
outputbuffer_processors = 3

#outputbuffer_processor_keep_alive_time = 5000
#outputbuffer_processor_threads_core_pool_size = 3
#outputbuffer_processor_threads_max_pool_size = 30

# UDP receive buffer size for all message inputs (e. g. SyslogUDPInput).
#udp_recvbuffer_sizes = 1048576

# Wait strategy describing how buffer processors wait on a cursor sequence. (default: sleeping)
# Possible types:
#  – yielding
#    Compromise between performance and CPU usage.
#  – sleeping
#    Compromise between performance and CPU usage. Latency spikes can occur after quiet periods.
#  – blocking
#    High throughput, low latency, higher CPU usage.
#  – busy_spinning
#    Avoids syscalls which could introduce latency jitter. Best when threads can be bound to specific CPU cores.
processor_wait_strategy = blocking

# Size of internal ring buffers. Raise this if raising outputbuffer_processors does not help anymore.
# For optimum performance your LogMessage objects in the ring buffer should fit in your CPU L3 cache.
# Must be a power of 2. (512, 1024, 2048, …)
ring_size = 65536

inputbuffer_ring_size = 65536
inputbuffer_processors = 2
inputbuffer_wait_strategy = blocking

# Enable the disk based message journal.
message_journal_enabled = true

# The directory which will be used to store the message journal. The directory must me exclusively used by Graylog and
# must not contain any other files than the ones created by Graylog itself.
#
# ATTENTION:
#  If you create a seperate partition for the journal files and use a file system creating directories like ‘lost+found’
#  in the root directory, you need to create a sub directory for your journal.
#  Otherwise Graylog will log an error message that the journal is corrupt and Graylog will not start.
message_journal_dir = /var/lib/graylog-server/journal

# Journal hold messages before they could be written to Elasticsearch.
# For a maximum of 12 hours or 5 GB whichever happens first.
# During normal operation the journal will be smaller.
#message_journal_max_age = 12h
#message_journal_max_size = 5gb

#message_journal_flush_age = 1m
#message_journal_flush_interval = 1000000
#message_journal_segment_age = 1h
#message_journal_segment_size = 100mb

# Number of threads used exclusively for dispatching internal events. Default is 2.
#async_eventbus_processors = 2

# How many seconds to wait between marking node as DEAD for possible load balancers and starting the actual
# shutdown process. Set to 0 if you have no status checking load balancers in front.
lb_recognition_period_seconds = 3

# Journal usage percentage that triggers requesting throttling for this server node from load balancers. The feature is
# disabled if not set.
#lb_throttle_threshold_percentage = 95

# Every message is matched against the configured streams and it can happen that a stream contains rules which
# take an unusual amount of time to run, for example if its using regular expressions that perform excessive backtracking.
# This will impact the processing of the entire server. To keep such misbehaving stream rules from impacting other
# streams, Graylog limits the execution time for each stream.
# The default values are noted below, the timeout is in milliseconds.
# If the stream matching for one stream took longer than the timeout value, and this happened more than “max_faults” times
# that stream is disabled and a notification is shown in the web interface.
#stream_processing_timeout = 2000
#stream_processing_max_faults = 3

# Length of the interval in seconds in which the alert conditions for all streams should be checked
# and alarms are being sent.
#alert_check_interval = 60

# Since 0.21 the Graylog server supports pluggable output modules. This means a single message can be written to multiple
# outputs. The next setting defines the timeout for a single output module, including the default output module where all
# messages end up.
#
# Time in milliseconds to wait for all message outputs to finish writing a single message.
#output_module_timeout = 10000

# Time in milliseconds after which a detected stale master node is being rechecked on startup.
#stale_master_timeout = 2000

# Time in milliseconds which Graylog is waiting for all threads to stop on shutdown.
#shutdown_timeout = 30000

# MongoDB connection string
# See https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/connection-string/ for details
mongodb_uri = mongodb://graylog:75PN76Db66En@10.2.2.41:27017,10.2.2.42:27017,10.2.2.43:27017/graylog?replicaSet=rs0

# Authenticate against the MongoDB server
#mongodb_uri = mongodb://grayloguser:secret@localhost:27017/graylog

# Use a replica set instead of a single host
#mongodb_uri = mongodb://grayloguser:secret@localhost:27017,localhost:27018,localhost:27019/graylog

# Increase this value according to the maximum connections your MongoDB server can handle from a single client
# if you encounter MongoDB connection problems.
mongodb_max_connections = 1000

# Number of threads allowed to be blocked by MongoDB connections multiplier. Default: 5
# If mongodb_max_connections is 100, and mongodb_threads_allowed_to_block_multiplier is 5,
# then 500 threads can block. More than that and an exception will be thrown.
# http://api.mongodb.com/java/current/com/mongodb/MongoOptions.html#threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier
mongodb_threads_allowed_to_block_multiplier = 5

# Drools Rule File (Use to rewrite incoming log messages)
# See: http://docs.graylog.org/en/2.1/pages/drools.html
#rules_file = /etc/graylog/server/rules.drl

# Email transport
#transport_email_enabled = false
#transport_email_hostname = mail.example.com
#transport_email_port = 587
#transport_email_use_auth = true
#transport_email_use_tls = true
#transport_email_use_ssl = true
#transport_email_auth_username = you@example.com
#transport_email_auth_password = secret
#transport_email_subject_prefix = [graylog]
#transport_email_from_email = graylog@example.com

# Specify and uncomment this if you want to include links to the stream in your stream alert mails.
# This should define the fully qualified base url to your web interface exactly the same way as it is accessed by your users.
#transport_email_web_interface_url = https://graylog.example.com

# The default connect timeout for outgoing HTTP connections.
# Values must be a positive duration (and between 1 and 2147483647 when converted to milliseconds).
# Default: 5s
#http_connect_timeout = 5s

# The default read timeout for outgoing HTTP connections.
# Values must be a positive duration (and between 1 and 2147483647 when converted to milliseconds).
# Default: 10s
#http_read_timeout = 10s

# The default write timeout for outgoing HTTP connections.
# Values must be a positive duration (and between 1 and 2147483647 when converted to milliseconds).
# Default: 10s
#http_write_timeout = 10s

# HTTP proxy for outgoing HTTP connections
#http_proxy_uri =

# Disable the optimization of Elasticsearch indices after index cycling. This may take some load from Elasticsearch
# on heavily used systems with large indices, but it will decrease search performance. The default is to optimize
# cycled indices.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#disable_index_optimization = true

# Optimize the index down to <= index_optimization_max_num_segments. A higher number may take some load from Elasticsearch
# on heavily used systems with large indices, but it will decrease search performance. The default is 1.
#
# ATTENTION: These settings have been moved to the database in Graylog 2.2.0. When you upgrade, make sure to set these
#            to your previous settings so they will be migrated to the database!
#index_optimization_max_num_segments = 1

# The threshold of the garbage collection runs. If GC runs take longer than this threshold, a system notification
# will be generated to warn the administrator about possible problems with the system. Default is 1 second.
#gc_warning_threshold = 1s

# Connection timeout for a configured LDAP server (e. g. ActiveDirectory) in milliseconds.
#ldap_connection_timeout = 2000

# Disable the use of SIGAR for collecting system stats
#disable_sigar = false

# The default cache time for dashboard widgets. (Default: 10 seconds, minimum: 1 second)
#dashboard_widget_default_cache_time = 10s

# Automatically load content packs in “content_packs_dir” on the first start of Graylog.
#content_packs_loader_enabled = true

# The directory which contains content packs which should be loaded on the first start of Graylog.
content_packs_dir = /usr/share/graylog-server/contentpacks

# A comma-separated list of content packs (files in “content_packs_dir”) which should be applied on
# the first start of Graylog.
# Default: empty
content_packs_auto_load = grok-patterns.json

# For some cluster-related REST requests, the node must query all other nodes in the cluster. This is the maximum number
# of threads available for this. Increase it, if ‘/cluster/*’ requests take long to complete.
# Should be rest_thread_pool_size * average_cluster_size if you have a high number of concurrent users.
proxied_requests_thread_pool_size = 32

 

server.conf

启动 graylog 服务:

$ sudo chkconfig --add graylog-server
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable graylog-server.service
$ sudo systemctl start graylog-server.service

 

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