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Linux下Samba服务器安装配置

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1. 安装

安装前先关闭 iptables 和 SELinux。

CentOS 输入以下命令:

yum install samba samba-client

Ubuntu 输入以下命令:

apt-get install samba
apt-get install samba-client

2. 设置

创建一个文件夹:

mkdir /home/samba
chmod 777 /home/samba

编辑 /etc/samba/smb.conf 文件:

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba, 
# read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from:
#  http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf
#
# Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the 
# Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from: 
#  http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) 
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors. 
#
#---------------
# SELINUX NOTES:
#
# If you want to use the useradd/groupadd family of binaries please run:
# setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on
#
# If you want to share home directories via samba please run:
# setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on
#
# If you create a new directory you want to share you should mark it as
# "samba_share_t" so that selinux will let you write into it.
# Make sure not to do that on system directories as they may already have
# been marked with othe SELinux labels.
#
# Use ls -ldZ /path to see which context a directory has
#
# Set labels only on directories you created!
# To set a label use the following: chcon -t samba_share_t /path
#
# If you need to share a system created directory you can use one of the
# following (read-only/read-write):
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_ro on
# or
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on
#
# If you want to run scripts (preexec/root prexec/print command/...) please
# put them into the /var/lib/samba/scripts directory so that smbd will be
# allowed to run them.
# Make sure you COPY them and not MOVE them so that the right SELinux context
# is applied, to check all is ok use restorecon -R -v /var/lib/samba/scripts
#
#--------------
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================
    
[global]
    
# ----------------------- Network Related Options -------------------------
#
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH
#
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
#
# netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname
#
# Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones
# you want to listen on (never omit localhost)
#
# Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can
# specifiy it as a per share option as well
#
    workgroup = MYGROUP
    server string = Samba Server Version %v
    
    netbios name = HZHISERVER
    map to guest = bad user
    
;    interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 
;    hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13. 192.168.1
    
# --------------------------- Logging Options -----------------------------
#
# Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up.
#
# Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach
    
    # logs split per machine
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    # max 50KB per log file, then rotate
    max log size = 50
    
# ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------
#
# Scurity can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated)
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should 
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards 
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.

    security = user
    passdb backend = tdbsam


# ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to domain or ads
#
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should 
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards 
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't
# use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers
# The argument list may include:
#   password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
#   password server = *
    
    
;    security = domain
;    passdb backend = tdbsam
;    realm = MY_REALM

;    password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to user for domain controllers
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should 
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards 
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
#
# Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations. 
#
# Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client
# You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON
#
# Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path)
#
# Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts
#
;    security = user
;    passdb backend = tdbsam
    
;    domain master = yes 
;    domain logons = yes
    
    # the login script name depends on the machine name
;    logon script = %m.bat
    # the login script name depends on the unix user used
;    logon script = %u.bat
;    logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u
    # disables profiles support by specifing an empty path
;    logon path =          
    
;    add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users
;    add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g"
;    add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)" -M -d /nohome -s /bin/false "%u"
;    delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u"
;    delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g"
;    delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g"
    
    
# ----------------------- Browser Control Options ----------------------------
#
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
#
# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
#
# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
;    local master = no
;    os level = 33
;    preferred master = yes
    
#----------------------------- Name Resolution -------------------------------
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
#
# - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
#
# - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#
# - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
#   behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
#   at least one    WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
#
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups.
    
;    wins support = yes
;    wins server = w.x.y.z
;    wins proxy = yes
    
;    dns proxy = yes
    
# --------------------------- Printing Options -----------------------------
#
# Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather
# than setting them up individually
#
# Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw
# for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients
#
# Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file
#
# You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option
    
    load printers = yes
    cups options = raw

;    printcap name = /etc/printcap
    #obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV
;    printcap name = lpstat
;    printing = cups

# --------------------------- Filesystem Options ---------------------------
#
# The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports
# Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option
# user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes
# in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits.
#
# Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global
# makes them the default for all shares

;    map archive = no
;    map hidden = no
;    map read only = no
;    map system = no
;    store dos attributes = yes


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
    
[homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = yes
    writable = yes
;    valid users = %S
;    valid users = MYDOMAIN\%S
    
[printers]
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    browseable = no
    guest ok = no
    writable = no
    printable = yes
    
# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
;    [netlogon]
;    comment = Network Logon Service
;    path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
;    guest ok = yes
;    writable = no
;    share modes = no
    
    
# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;    [Profiles]
;    path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
;    browseable = no
;    guest ok = yes
    
    
# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
    [public]
    comment = Public Stuff
    path = /home/samba
    public = yes
    browseable = yes
    writable = yes
    printable = no
    write list = +staff

3. 运行

CentOS 下运行:

service smb start
service nmb start

Ubuntu 下运行:

/etc/init.d/samba start

4. Windows7 访问 Samba

因为 Samba 使用 NTLM 认证,而 Windows7 使用的是 NTLMv2 认证,所以要先设置一下才能访问。

开始 -> 运行 ->secpol.msc,这时会出错,提示“试图引用不存在的令牌。”,到 C:\Windows\System32 下找到 secpol.msc,复制到桌面上再运行,选择本地策略 -> 安全选项 -> 网络安全:LAN 管理器身份验证级别,改成“发送 LM 和 NTLMv2 , 如果已协商,则使用 NTLMv2 会话安全”。

Linux 下 Samba 服务器安装配置

Linux 下 Samba 服务器安装配置

点击开始,在搜索对话框中输入“//Samba 服务器 IP”,就可以访问 Samba 服务器了,并且复制粘贴文件了,非常方便。

Linux 下 Samba 服务器安装配置

———————————— 分割线 ————————————

如何在 Ubuntu 14.04 中使用 Samba 共享文件  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104894.htm

VMWare 虚拟机 Ubuntu 双网卡 访问 samba 速度 翻倍 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/85445.htm

Ubuntu 15.04 安装 Samba 服务 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-03/129201.htm

samba 安装使用图解  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141254.htm

CentOS 7.2 安装配置 Samba 服务器 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141390.htm

CentOS 部署 Samba 企业文件共享服务 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-06/132609.htm

怎样设置 Samba 文件服务器以使用 Windows 客户端  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-08/105786.htm

CentOS 6.7 下 Samba 服务器的搭建与配置(share 共享模式)http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138220.htm

Ubuntu 16.04 下 Samba 相关配置  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138498.htm

———————————— 分割线 ————————————

Samba 的详细介绍 :请点这里
Samba 的下载地址 :请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址 :http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141523.htm

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