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Puppet企业架构部署

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一直在准备上 Puppet,这两天看了下 Puppet 文档,模拟了下生产环境下 Puppet 部署方案:
 
测试机器:
server: 192.168.3.68 
clinet: 192.168.3.67
 
命令规则:
应用_机房_地点_ip 地址_服务器系统_域名
192.168.3.67    ppttest_wangsu_bj_192.168.3.67.CentOS.yypuppet.com
192.168.3.68    pptserver_wangsu_bj_192.168.3.68.centos.yypuppet.com
 
*****
本文侧重于 puppet 架构部署,安装过程不是本文的重点,请自行安装。
*****
 
主配置文件:
root@pts/2 # cat /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 
[main]
    logdir = /var/log/puppet
 
    rundir = /var/run/puppet
 
    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
 
[agent]
    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
 
    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
    server = pptserver_wangsu_bj_192.168.3.68.centos.yypuppet.com
[master]
    environments = yydev,yytest,yyprd 
[yydev]
modulepath = $confdir/multi-environment/yydev/environment/modules:$confdir/multi-environment/yydev/application/modules
manifest = $confdir/multi-environment/yydev/manifests/site.pp
fileserverconfig = /etc/puppet/fileserver.conf.yydev
[yytest]
modulepath = $confdir/multi-environment/yytest/environment/modules:$confdir/multi-environment/yytest/application/modules
manifest = $confdir/multi-environment/yytest/manifests/site.pp
fileserverconfig = /etc/puppet/fileserver.conf.yytest
[yyprd]
modulepath = $confdir/multi-environment/yyprd/environment/modules:$confdir/multi-environment/yyprd/application/modules
manifest = $confdir/multi-environment/yyprd/manifests/site.pp
fileserverconfig = /etc/puppet/fileserver.conf.yyprd
为什么在每个环境下会有 environment 和 application 两个目录,其中 environment 目录是存放基础环境模块的,比如 puppet、yum 等;
而 application 目录是存在应用环境模块的,比如 apache、mysql 等。当然也可以放在同一个目录下,如果应用多的话还可以将 application 进行拆分,一切都是为了方便管理而考虑。
 
 
实施过程:
1: 创建多环境目录:
cd /etc/puppet
mkdir -p multi-environment/yydev/environment/modules; mkdir -p multi-environment/yydev/application/modules
mkdir -p multi-environment/yytest/environment/modules; mkdir -p multi-environment/yytest/application/modules
mkdir -p multi-environment/yyprd/environment/modules; mkdir -p multi-environment/yyprd/application/modules
2: 创建多环境文件服务器:
cp /etc/puppet/fileserver.conf{,.yydev}; cp /etc/puppet/fileserver.conf{,.yytest}; cp /etc/puppet/fileserver.conf{,.yyprd}
3: 拷贝现有模块分别到三个环境中:
cp /etc/puppet/modules/ssh /etc/puppet/multi-environment/yydev/environment/modules
cp /etc/puppet/modules/httpd /etc/puppet/multi-environment/yydev/application/modules
cp /etc/puppet/modules/ssh /etc/puppet/multi-environment/yytest/environment/modules
cp /etc/puppet/modules/httpd /etc/puppet/multi-environment/yytest/application/modules
cp /etc/puppet/modules/ssh /etc/puppet/multi-environment/yyprd/environment/modules
cp /etc/puppet/modules/httpd /etc/puppet/multi-environment/yyprd/application/modules
 
4:组织架构:
cd /etc/puppet/multi-environment
tree
 
├── yydev
│ ├── application
│ │ └── modules
│ │    └── httpd
│ │        ├── files
│ │        │ └── 1.txt
│ │        ├── manifests
│ │        │ └── init.pp
│ │        └── templates
│ ├── environment
│ │ └── modules
│ │    ├── ssh
│ │    │ ├── files
│ │    │ │ └── sshd_config
│ │    │ ├── manifests
│ │    │ │ ├── config.pp
│ │    │ │ ├── init.pp
│ │    │ │ ├── install.pp
│ │    │ │ ├── params.pp
│ │    │ │ └── service.pp
│ │    │ └── templates
│ │    └── test
│ │        ├── files
│ │        ├── manifests
│ │        │ └── init.pp
│ │        └── templates
│ │            └── test.erb
│ └── manifests
│    ├── nodes
│    │ └── front_resin.pp
│    └── site.pp
├── yyprd
│ ├── application
│ │ └── modules
│ └── environment
│    └── modules
└── yytest
    ├── application
    │ └── modules
    └── environment
        └── modules
 
模块学习 (ssh 为例):
ssh/
├── files
│ └── sshd_config
├── manifests
│ ├── config.pp
│ ├── init.pp
│ ├── install.pp
│ └── service.pp
└── templates
 
root@pts/2 # cat init.pp config.pp install.pp service.pp 
class ssh {
        include ssh::install,ssh::service,ssh::config
}
class ssh::config {
        file {“/tmp/sshd_config”:
        ensure => present,
        owner => ‘root’,
        group => ‘root’,
        mode => 0440,
        source => “puppet:///modules/ssh/sshd_config”,
        require => Class[“ssh::install”],
        notify => Class[“ssh::service”],
        }
}
class ssh::install {
        package {“openssh”:
        ensure => present,
        }
}
class ssh::service {
        service {“sshd”: 
                ensure => running,
                hasstatus => true,
                hasrestart => true,
                enable => true,
                require => Class[“ssh::config”],
        }
}

Puppet 学习系列:

Puppet 学习一:安装及简单实例应用 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88710.htm

Puppet 学习二: 简单模块配置和应用 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88711.htm

相关阅读:

有关 Puppet agent 端三种备份恢复方案探讨研究 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87885.htm
选择更安全的方式注册你的 Puppet 节点 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87884.htm
通过配置 SSH 深刻理解 Puppet 的语法及工作机制 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87882.htm
Puppet 利用 Nginx 多端口实现负载均衡 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-02/79794.htm
CentOS(5 和 6)下 Puppet 的 C / S 模式实例 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-12/50502.htm

Puppet 的详细介绍 :请点这里
Puppet 的下载地址 :请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址 :http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-04/116007.htm

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