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CentOS 6.5 x64bit 快速安装OpenStack

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OpenStack 是一个美国国家航空航天局和 Rackspace 合作研发的,以 Apache 许可证授权,并且是一个自由软件和开放源代码项目。

OpenStack 是一个云平台管理的项目,它不是一个软件。这个项目由几个主要的组件组合起来完成一些具体的工作。

OpenStack 是一个旨在为公共及私有云的建设与管理提供软件的开源项目。它的社区拥有超过 130 家企业及 1350 位开发者,这些机构与个人都将 OpenStack 作为基础设施即服务(简称 IaaS)资源的通用前端。

OpenStack 项目的首要任务是简化云的部署过程并为其带来良好的可扩展性。本文希望通过提供必要的指导信息,帮助大家利用 OpenStack 前端来设置及管理自己的公共云或私有云。

OpenStack 是由 Rackspace 和 NASA 共同开发的云计算平台,帮助服务商和企业内部实现类似于 Amazon EC2 和 S3 的云基础架构服务 (Infrastructure as a Service, IaaS)。OpenStack 包含两个主要模块:Nova 和 Swift,前者是 NASA 开发的虚拟服务器部署和业务计算模块;后者是 Rackspace 开发的分布式云存储模块,两者可以一起用,也可以分开单独用。OpenStack 是开源项目,除了有 Rackspace 和 NASA 的大力支持外,后面还有包括 Dell、Citrix、Cisco、Canonical 这些重量级公司的贡献和支持,发展速度非常快,有取代另一个业界领先开源云平台 Eucalyptus 的态势。

在 Ubuntu 12.10 上安装部署 Openstack http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88184.htm

Ubuntu 12.04 OpenStack Swift 单节点部署手册 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88182.htm

OpenStack 云计算快速入门教程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88186.htm

企业部署 OpenStack:该做与不该做的事 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/90428.htm

1.[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y http://rdo.Fedorapeople.org/openstack/openstack-grizzly/rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch.rpm
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
base                                                    | 3.7 kB    00:00   
base/primary_db                                          | 4.4 MB    00:05   
extras                                                  | 3.4 kB    00:00   
extras/primary_db                                        |  19 kB    00:00   
updates                                                  | 3.4 kB    00:00   
updates/primary_db                                      | 3.7 MB    00:03   
Setting up Install Process
rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch.rpm                        | 7.1 kB    00:03   
Examining /var/tmp/yum-root-tkysSj/rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch.rpm: rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch
Marking /var/tmp/yum-root-tkysSj/rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
–> Running transaction check
—> Package rdo-release.noarch 0:grizzly-1 will be installed
–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package        Arch      Version        Repository                        Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 rdo-release    noarch    grizzly-1      /rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch    3.2 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      1 Package(s)

Total size: 3.2 k
Installed size: 3.2 k
Downloading Packages:
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch                                1/1
  Verifying  : rdo-release-grizzly-1.noarch                                1/1

Installed:
  rdo-release.noarch 0:grizzly-1                                             

Complete!

2.[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y openstack-packstack

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Determining fastest mirrors
 * base: mirrors.163.com
 * extras: mirrors.163.com
 * updates: mirrors.163.com
openstack-grizzly                                        | 2.9 kB    00:00   
openstack-grizzly/primary_db                            | 992 kB    00:02   
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
–> Running transaction check
—> Package openstack-packstack.noarch 0:2013.1.1-0.31.dev696.el6 will be installed
–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package            Arch  Version                    Repository        Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 openstack-packstack noarch 2013.1.1-0.31.dev696.el6    openstack-grizzly 605 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      1 Package(s)

Total download size: 605 k
Installed size: 1.9 M
Downloading Packages:
openstack-packstack-2013.1.1-0.31.dev696.el6.noarch.rpm  | 605 kB    00:01   
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : openstack-packstack-2013.1.1-0.31.dev696.el6.noarch          1/1
  Verifying  : openstack-packstack-2013.1.1-0.31.dev696.el6.noarch          1/1

Installed:
  openstack-packstack.noarch 0:2013.1.1-0.31.dev696.el6                       

Complete!

3.[root@localhost ~]# packstack –allinone

Welcome to Installer setup utility
Packstack changed given value  to required value /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub

Installing:
Clean Up…                                            [DONE]
Setting up ssh keys…root@192.168.200.180’s password:
                                [DONE]
Adding pre install manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding MySQL manifest entries…                      [DONE]
Adding QPID manifest entries…                        [DONE]
Adding Keystone manifest entries…                    [DONE]
Adding Glance Keystone manifest entries…            [DONE]
Adding Glance manifest entries…                      [DONE]
Adding Cinder Keystone manifest entries…            [DONE]
Installing dependencies for Cinder…                  [DONE]
Checking if the Cinder server has a cinder-volumes vg…[DONE]
Adding Cinder manifest entries…                      [DONE]
Adding Nova API manifest entries…                    [DONE]
Adding Nova Keystone manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Nova Cert manifest entries…                  [DONE]
Adding Nova Conductor manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Nova Compute manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding Nova Scheduler manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Nova VNC Proxy manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Nova Common manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding Openstack Network-related Nova manifest entries…[DONE]
Adding Quantum API manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding Quantum Keystone manifest entries…            [DONE]
Adding Quantum L3 manifest entries…                  [DONE]
Adding Quantum L2 Agent manifest entries…            [DONE]
Adding Quantum DHCP Agent manifest entries…          [DONE]
Adding Quantum Metadata Agent manifest entries…      [DONE]
Adding OpenStack Client manifest entries…            [DONE]
Adding Horizon manifest entries…                    [DONE]
Adding Swift Keystone manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Swift builder manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Swift proxy manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding Swift storage manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Swift common manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding Provisioning manifest entries…                [DONE]
Preparing servers…                                  [DONE]
Adding Nagios server manifest entries…              [DONE]
Adding Nagios host manifest entries…                [DONE]
Adding post install manifest entries…                [DONE]
Installing Dependencies…                            [DONE]
Copying Puppet modules and manifests…                [DONE]
Applying Puppet manifests…
Applying 192.168.200.180_prescript.pp
192.168.200.180_prescript.pp :                                      [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_mysql.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_qpid.pp
192.168.200.180_mysql.pp :                                          [DONE]
192.168.200.180_qpid.pp :                                            [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_keystone.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_glance.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_cinder.pp
192.168.200.180_keystone.pp :                                        [DONE]
192.168.200.180_glance.pp :                                          [DONE]
192.168.200.180_cinder.pp :                                          [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_api_nova.pp
192.168.200.180_api_nova.pp :                                        [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_nova.pp
192.168.200.180_nova.pp :                                            [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_quantum.pp
192.168.200.180_quantum.pp :                                        [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_osclient.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_horizon.pp
192.168.200.180_osclient.pp :                                        [DONE]
192.168.200.180_horizon.pp :                                        [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_ring_swift.pp
192.168.200.180_ring_swift.pp :                                      [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_swift.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_provision.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_nagios.pp
Applying 192.168.200.180_nagios_nrpe.pp
192.168.200.180_swift.pp :                                          [DONE]
192.168.200.180_provision.pp :                                      [DONE]
192.168.200.180_nagios.pp :                                          [DONE]
192.168.200.180_nagios_nrpe.pp :                                    [DONE]
Applying 192.168.200.180_postscript.pp
192.168.200.180_postscript.pp :                                      [DONE]
                          [DONE]
Finalizing…                                          [DONE]

 **** Installation completed successfully ******

Additional information:
 * A new answerfile was created in: /root/packstack-answers-20140626-162910.txt
 * Time synchronization installation was skipped. Please note that unsynchronized time on server instances might be problem for some OpenStack components.
 * To use the command line tools you need to source the file /root/keystonerc_admin created on 192.168.200.180
 * To use the console, browse to http://192.168.200.180/dashboard
 * To use Nagios, browse to http://192.168.200.180/nagios username : nagiosadmin, password : 0e2abdb9d2914cce
 * The RDO kernel that includes network namespace (netns) support has been installed on host 192.168.200.180.
 * The installation log file is available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20140626-162910-yqzZnu/openstack-setup.log

更多 CentOS 相关信息见 CentOS 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=14

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