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CentOS 6.4下Hadoop 0.20.2安装实录

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CentOS 6.4 下 Hadoop 0.20.2 安装实录

下载网址:
http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/
资料网址
http://hadoop.apache.org/docs/
节点规划:
10.10.1.131  hadoop1
10.10.1.132  hadoop2
10.10.1.133  hadoop3
10.10.1.134  dog
10.10.1.135  cat
10.10.1.136  gangster
一、解压安装
在主节点上做
验证 JDK 是否安装
[root@hadoop1 ~]# java -version
java version “1.7.0_09-icedtea”
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (rhel-2.3.4.1.el6_3-x86_64)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.2-b09, mixed mode)
验证 SSH 是否安装
[root@hadoop1 ~]# ssh -version
OpenSSH_5.3p1, OpenSSL 1.0.0-fips 29 Mar 2010
Bad escape character ‘rsion’.
各节点上都做
[root@hadoop1 ~]#vi /etc/hosts
10.10.1.131  hadoop1
10.10.1.132  hadoop2
10.10.1.133  hadoop3
10.10.1.134  dog
10.10.1.135  cat
10.10.1.136  gangster
[root@hadoop1 ~]# useradd hadoop
[root@hadoop1 ~]# passwd hadoop
[root@hadoop1 ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.131 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.132 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.133 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.170 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.171 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.172 -j ACCEPT
二、安装 hadoop
把下载的 hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz 文件上传到 /home/hadoop 目录下
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ tar xzvf hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz
-rw-r–r–.  1 hadoop hadoop 44575568 Feb 16 21:34 hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ cd hadoop-0.20.2
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ ll
total 4872
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 bin
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  74035 Feb 19  2010 build.xml
drwxr-xr-x.  4 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 19  2010 c++
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  348624 Feb 19  2010 CHANGES.txt
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 conf
drwxr-xr-x. 13 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 19  2010 contrib
drwxr-xr-x.  7 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 docs
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    6839 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-ant.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop 2689741 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-core.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  142466 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-examples.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop 1563859 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-test.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  69940 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-tools.jar
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 ivy
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    8852 Feb 19  2010 ivy.xml
drwxr-xr-x.  5 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 lib
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 librecordio
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  13366 Feb 19  2010 LICENSE.txt
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    101 Feb 19  2010 NOTICE.txt
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    1366 Feb 19  2010 README.txt
drwxr-xr-x. 15 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 src
drwxr-xr-x.  8 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 19  2010 webap
三、配置主节点 hadoop 用户无密码访问从节点
在 MASTER 节点上生成 MASTER 节点的 ssh 密钥对
[root@hadoop1 ~]#su – hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ssh-keygen -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/hadoop/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory ‘/home/hadoop/.ssh’.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/hadoop/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/hadoop/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
b9:5c:48:74:25:33:ac:9f:11:c9:77:5e:02:43:3b:ba hadoop@hadoop1.cfzq.com
The key’s randomart image is:
+–[RSA 2048]—-+
|        .o=+=.  |
|      . .=+.oo .|
|        .. ooo o |
|      ..o.. ..  |
|        S.oo    |
|      . oo.    |
|        o E      |
|                |
|                |
+—————–+
把公钥拷贝到各 SLAVE 节点上
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@hadoop2:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘hadoop2 (10.10.1.132)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘hadoop2,10.10.1.132’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@hadoop2’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@hadoop3:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘hadoop3 (10.10.1.133)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘hadoop3,10.10.1.133’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@hadoop3’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@cat:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘cat (10.10.1.171)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘cat,10.10.1.171’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@cat’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@dog:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘dog (10.10.1.170)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘dog,10.10.1.170’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@dog’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@gangster:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘gangster (10.10.1.172)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘gangster,10.10.1.172’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@gangster’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
在各 SLAVE 节点上:
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop2 .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop3 .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@dog ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@dog ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@dog ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@dog ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@dog .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@cat ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@cat ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@cat ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@cat ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@cat .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@gangster ~]$  mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@gangster .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
在 MASTER 节点上测试主节点无口令访问各从节点
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh hadoop2
Last login: Sat Feb 15 19:35:21 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to hadoop2 closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh hadoop3
Last login: Sat Feb 15 21:57:38 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to hadoop3 closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh cat
Last login: Sat Feb 15 14:33:50 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@cat ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to cat closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh dog
Last login: Sun Feb 16 20:41:19 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@dog ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to dog closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh gangster
Last login: Sat Feb 15 18:03:45 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to gangster closed.

二、配置运行参数
几个主要参数要进行配置
1.fs.default.name
2.Hadoop.tmp.dir
3.mapred.job.tracker
4.dfs.name.dir
5.dfs.data.dir
6.dfs.http.address
[root@hadoop1 ~]# su – hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ cd hadoop-0.20.2/conf/
[hadoop@hadoop1 conf]$ vi hadoop-env.sh
  export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64
  export HADOOP_LOG_DIR=/var/log/hadoop
在各节点:
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]# chmod 777 /var/log/hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]# chmod 777 /var/log/hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]# chmod 777 /var/log/hadoop
测试 JAVA_HOME 设置是否正确
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ ./hadoop version
Hadoop 0.20.2
Subversion https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.20 -r 911707
Compiled by chrisdo on Fri Feb 19 08:07:34 UTC 2010
[hadoop@hadoop1 conf]$ vi core-site.xml
<configuration>
  <property>
  ## 配置地址和端口
    <name>fs.default.name</name>
    <value>hdfs://10.10.1.131:9000</value>
  </property>
</configuration>
hdfs-site.xml 中
dfs.http.address 提供 web 页面显示的地址和端口默认是 50070,ip 是 namenode 的 ip
dfs.data.dir 是 datanode 机器上 data 数据存放的位置,没有则放到 core-site.xml 的 tmp 目录中
dfs.name.dir 是 namenode 机器上 name 数据存放的位置,没有则放到 core-site.xml 的 tmp 目录中
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ pwd
/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ mkdir data
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ mkdir name
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ mkdir tmp
[hadoop@hadoop1 conf]$ vi hdfs-site.xml
<configuration>
  <property>
      <name>dfs.name.dir</name>
      <value>/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2/name</value>
  </property>
  <property>
      <name>dfs.data.dir</name>
      <value>/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2/data</value>
  </property>
  <property> 
      <name>dfs.http.address</name> 
      <value>10.10.1.131:50071</value> 
  </property> 
  <property>
      <name>dfs.replication</name>
      <value>2</value>
      <description>The actual number of relications can be specified when the file is created.</description>
  </property>
</configuration>
[hadoop@hadoop1 conf]$ vi mapred-site.xml
<configuration>
  <property>
      <name>mapred.job.tracker</name>
      <value>10.10.1.131:9001</value>
      <description>The host and port that the MapReduce job tracker runs at.</description>
  </property>
[hadoop@hadoop1 conf]$ vi masters
hadoop1
[hadoop@hadoop1 conf]$ vi slaves
hadoop2
hadoop3
四、向各 datanodes 节点复制 hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ pwd
/home/hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ scp -r hadoop-0.20.2 hadoop2:/home/hadoop/.
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ scp -r hadoop-0.20.2 hadoop3:/home/hadoop/.
五、格式化分布式文件系统
在 namenode 上
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ pwd
/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2/bin
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ ./hadoop namenode -format
14/02/18 20:23:24 INFO namenode.NameNode: STARTUP_MSG:
/************************************************************
STARTUP_MSG: Starting NameNode
STARTUP_MSG:  host = hadoop1.cfzq.com/10.10.1.131
STARTUP_MSG:  args = [-format]
STARTUP_MSG:  version = 0.20.2
STARTUP_MSG:  build = https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.20 -r 911707; compiled by ‘chrisdo’ on Fri Feb 19 08:07:34 UTC 2010
************************************************************/
14/02/18 20:23:38 INFO namenode.FSNamesystem: fsOwner=hadoop,hadoop
14/02/18 20:23:38 INFO namenode.FSNamesystem: supergroup=supergroup
14/02/18 20:23:38 INFO namenode.FSNamesystem: isPermissionEnabled=true
14/02/18 20:23:39 INFO common.Storage: Image file of size 96 saved in 0 seconds.
14/02/18 20:23:39 INFO common.Storage: Storage directory /home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2/data has been successfully formatted.
14/02/18 20:23:39 INFO namenode.NameNode: SHUTDOWN_MSG:
/************************************************************
SHUTDOWN_MSG: Shutting down NameNode at hadoop1.cfzq.com/10.10.1.131
************************************************************/
六、启动守护进程
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ pwd
/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2/bin
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ ./start-all.sh
starting namenode, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-namenode-hadoop1.cfzq.com.out
hadoop3: starting datanode, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-datanode-hadoop3.cfzq.com.out
hadoop2: starting datanode, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-datanode-hadoop2.cfzq.com.out
hadoop1: starting secondarynamenode, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-secondarynamenode-hadoop1.cfzq.com.out
starting jobtracker, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-jobtracker-hadoop1.cfzq.com.out
hadoop3: starting tasktracker, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-tasktracker-hadoop3.cfzq.com.out
hadoop2: starting tasktracker, logging to /var/log/hadoop/hadoop-hadoop-tasktracker-hadoop2.cfzq.com.out
在各节点上检查进程启动情况
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64/bin/jps
30042 Jps
29736 NameNode
29885 SecondaryNameNode
29959 JobTracker
[hadoop@hadoop2 conf]$ jps
13437 TaskTracker
13327 DataNode
13481 Jps
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ jps
12117 Jps
11962 DataNode
12065 TaskTracker
七、检测 hadoop 群集
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ pwd
/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ mkdir input
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ cd input
[hadoop@hadoop1 input]$ echo “hello world” >test1.txt
[hadoop@hadoop1 input]$ echo “hello hadoop” >test2.txt
[hadoop@hadoop1 input]$ ll
total 8
-rw-rw-r–. 1 hadoop hadoop 12 Feb 18 09:32 test1.txt
-rw-rw-r–. 1 hadoop hadoop 13 Feb 18 09:33 test2.txt
把 input 目录下的文件拷贝到 hadoop 系统里面去
[hadoop@hadoop1 input]$ cd ../bin/
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ pwd
/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2/bin
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ ./hadoop dfs -put ../input in
dfs 参数:指示进行分布式文件系统的操作
-put 参数:把操作系统的文件输入到分布式文件系统
../input 参数:操作系统的文件目录
in 参数:分布式文件系统的文件目录
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ ./hadoop dfs -ls ./in/*
-rw-r–r–  2 hadoop supergroup        12 2014-02-18 10:11 /user/hadoop/in/test1.txt
-rw-r–r–  2 hadoop supergroup        13 2014-02-18 10:11 /user/hadoop/in/test2.txt
/user/hadoop/in 表示用户 hadoop 的根目录下 in 目录,而非操作系统的目录。
-ls 参数:分布式文件系统中列出目录文件
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ pwd
/home/hadoop/hadoop-0.20.2
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ bin/hadoop jar ../hadoop-0.20.2-examples.jar wordcount in out
14/02/18 11:15:58 INFO input.FileInputFormat: Total input paths to process : 2
14/02/18 11:15:59 INFO mapred.JobClient: Running job: job_201402180923_0001
14/02/18 11:16:00 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 0% reduce 0%
14/02/18 11:16:07 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 50% reduce 0%
14/02/18 11:16:10 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 100% reduce 0%
14/02/18 11:16:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 100% reduce 100%
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient: Job complete: job_201402180923_0001
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient: Counters: 17
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:  Job Counters
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Launched reduce tasks=1
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Launched map tasks=2
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Data-local map tasks=2
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:  FileSystemCounters
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    FILE_BYTES_READ=55
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    HDFS_BYTES_READ=25
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    FILE_BYTES_WRITTEN=180
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    HDFS_BYTES_WRITTEN=25
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:  Map-Reduce Framework
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Reduce input groups=3
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Combine output records=4
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Map input records=2
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Reduce shuffle bytes=61
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Reduce output records=3
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Spilled Records=8
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Map output bytes=41
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Combine input records=4
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Map output records=4
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Reduce input records=4
14/02/18 11:16:21 INFO mapred.JobClient:    Reduce input records=4
jar 参数:提交作业
wordount 参数:功能为 wordcount
in 参数:原始数据位置
out 参数:输出数据位置
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ bin/hadoop dfs -ls
Found 4 items
drwxr-xr-x  – hadoop supergroup          0 2014-02-18 09:52 /user/hadoop/in
drwxr-xr-x  – hadoop supergroup          0 2014-02-18 11:16 /user/hadoop/out
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ bin/hadoop dfs -ls ./out
Found 2 items
drwxr-xr-x  – hadoop supergroup          0 2014-02-18 11:15 /user/hadoop/out/_logs
-rw-r–r–  2 hadoop supergroup        25 2014-02-18 11:16 /user/hadoop/out/part-r-00000
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ bin/hadoop dfs -cat ./out/part-r-00000
hadoop  1
hello  2
world  1
八、通过 WEB 了解 hadoop 的活动
[hadoop@hadoop1 bin]$ netstat -all |grep :5
getnameinfo failed
tcp        0      0 *:57195                    *:*                        LISTEN     
tcp        0      0 hadoop1:ssh                10.10.1.198:58000          ESTABLISHED
tcp        0      0 *:50030                    *:*                        LISTEN     
tcp        0      0 *:50070                    *:*                        LISTEN     
tcp        0      0 *:59420                    *:*                        LISTEN     
tcp        0      0 *:50849                    *:*                        LISTEN     
tcp        0      0 *:50090                    *:*                        LISTEN     
— 监控 jobtracker
http://10.10.1.131:50030/jobtracker.jsp
hadoop1 Hadoop Map/Reduce Administration
Quick Links
Scheduling Info
Running Jobs
Completed Jobs
Failed Jobs
Local Logs
State: INITIALIZING
Started: Mon Feb 17 21:33:23 CST 2014
Version: 0.20.2, r911707
Compiled: Fri Feb 19 08:07:34 UTC 2010 by chrisdo
Identifier: 201402172133
——————————————————————————–
Cluster Summary (Heap Size is 117.94 MB/888.94 MB)
Maps Reduces Total Submissions Nodes Map Task Capacity Reduce Task Capacity Avg. Tasks/Node Blacklisted Nodes
0 0 0 0 0 0 – 0
——————————————————————————–
Scheduling Information
Queue Name  Scheduling Information
default N/A 
——————————————————————————–
Filter (Jobid, Priority, User, Name) 
Example: ‘user:smith 3200’ will filter by ‘smith’ only in the user field and ‘3200’ in all fields
——————————————————————————–
Running Jobs
none
——————————————————————————–
Completed Jobs
none
——————————————————————————–
Failed Jobs
none
——————————————————————————–
Local Logs
Log directory, Job Tracker History
——————————————————————————–
Hadoop, 2014.
— 监控 HDFS
http://10.10.1.131:50070/dfshealth.jsp
NameNode ‘hadoop1:9000’
Started:  Mon Feb 17 12:35:22 CST 2014 
Version:  0.20.2, r911707 
Compiled:  Fri Feb 19 08:07:34 UTC 2010 by chrisdo 
Upgrades:  There are no upgrades in progress. 
Browse the filesystem
Namenode Logs
——————————————————————————–
Cluster Summary
1 files and directories, 0 blocks = 1 total. Heap Size is 117.94 MB / 888.94 MB (13%)
Configured Capacity : 0 KB
DFS Used : 0 KB
Non DFS Used : 0 KB
DFS Remaining : 0 KB
DFS Used% : 100 %
DFS Remaining% : 0 %
Live Nodes  : 0
Dead Nodes  : 0
There are no datanodes in the cluster
——————————————————————————–
NameNode Storage:
Storage Directory Type State
/tmp/hadoop-hadoop/dfs/name IMAGE_AND_EDITS Active
——————————————————————————–
Hadoop, 2014.

相关阅读

Ubuntu 13.04 上搭建 Hadoop 环境 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/86106.htm

Ubuntu 12.10 +Hadoop 1.2.1 版本集群配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/90600.htm

Ubuntu 上搭建 Hadoop 环境(单机模式 + 伪分布模式)http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-01/77681.htm

Ubuntu 下 Hadoop 环境的配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-11/74539.htm

单机版搭建 Hadoop 环境图文教程详解 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-02/53927.htm

搭建 Hadoop 环境(在 Winodws 环境下用虚拟机虚拟两个 Ubuntu 系统进行搭建)http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-12/48894.htm

更多 Hadoop 相关信息见Hadoop 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=13

CentOS 6.4 下 Hadoop 0.20.2 安装实录

下载网址:
http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/
资料网址
http://hadoop.apache.org/docs/
节点规划:
10.10.1.131  hadoop1
10.10.1.132  hadoop2
10.10.1.133  hadoop3
10.10.1.134  dog
10.10.1.135  cat
10.10.1.136  gangster
一、解压安装
在主节点上做
验证 JDK 是否安装
[root@hadoop1 ~]# java -version
java version “1.7.0_09-icedtea”
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (rhel-2.3.4.1.el6_3-x86_64)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.2-b09, mixed mode)
验证 SSH 是否安装
[root@hadoop1 ~]# ssh -version
OpenSSH_5.3p1, OpenSSL 1.0.0-fips 29 Mar 2010
Bad escape character ‘rsion’.
各节点上都做
[root@hadoop1 ~]#vi /etc/hosts
10.10.1.131  hadoop1
10.10.1.132  hadoop2
10.10.1.133  hadoop3
10.10.1.134  dog
10.10.1.135  cat
10.10.1.136  gangster
[root@hadoop1 ~]# useradd hadoop
[root@hadoop1 ~]# passwd hadoop
[root@hadoop1 ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.131 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.132 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.133 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.170 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.171 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 10.10.1.172 -j ACCEPT
二、安装 hadoop
把下载的 hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz 文件上传到 /home/hadoop 目录下
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ tar xzvf hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz
-rw-r–r–.  1 hadoop hadoop 44575568 Feb 16 21:34 hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ cd hadoop-0.20.2
[hadoop@hadoop1 hadoop-0.20.2]$ ll
total 4872
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 bin
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  74035 Feb 19  2010 build.xml
drwxr-xr-x.  4 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 19  2010 c++
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  348624 Feb 19  2010 CHANGES.txt
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 conf
drwxr-xr-x. 13 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 19  2010 contrib
drwxr-xr-x.  7 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 docs
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    6839 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-ant.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop 2689741 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-core.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  142466 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-examples.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop 1563859 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-test.jar
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  69940 Feb 19  2010 hadoop-0.20.2-tools.jar
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 ivy
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    8852 Feb 19  2010 ivy.xml
drwxr-xr-x.  5 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 lib
drwxr-xr-x.  2 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 librecordio
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop  13366 Feb 19  2010 LICENSE.txt
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    101 Feb 19  2010 NOTICE.txt
-rw-rw-r–.  1 hadoop hadoop    1366 Feb 19  2010 README.txt
drwxr-xr-x. 15 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 16 21:37 src
drwxr-xr-x.  8 hadoop hadoop    4096 Feb 19  2010 webap
三、配置主节点 hadoop 用户无密码访问从节点
在 MASTER 节点上生成 MASTER 节点的 ssh 密钥对
[root@hadoop1 ~]#su – hadoop
[hadoop@hadoop1 ~]$ssh-keygen -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/hadoop/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory ‘/home/hadoop/.ssh’.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/hadoop/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/hadoop/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
b9:5c:48:74:25:33:ac:9f:11:c9:77:5e:02:43:3b:ba hadoop@hadoop1.cfzq.com
The key’s randomart image is:
+–[RSA 2048]—-+
|        .o=+=.  |
|      . .=+.oo .|
|        .. ooo o |
|      ..o.. ..  |
|        S.oo    |
|      . oo.    |
|        o E      |
|                |
|                |
+—————–+
把公钥拷贝到各 SLAVE 节点上
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@hadoop2:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘hadoop2 (10.10.1.132)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘hadoop2,10.10.1.132’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@hadoop2’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@hadoop3:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘hadoop3 (10.10.1.133)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘hadoop3,10.10.1.133’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@hadoop3’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@cat:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘cat (10.10.1.171)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘cat,10.10.1.171’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@cat’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@dog:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘dog (10.10.1.170)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘dog,10.10.1.170’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@dog’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub hadoop@gangster:~/master-key
The authenticity of host ‘gangster (10.10.1.172)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f9:47:3e:59:39:10:cd:7d:a4:5c:0d:ab:df:1f:14:21.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘gangster,10.10.1.172’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
hadoop@gangster’s password:
id_rsa.pub                                                                                                                100%  405    0.4KB/s  00:00   
在各 SLAVE 节点上:
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop2 .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@hadoop3 .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@dog ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@dog ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@dog ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@dog ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@dog .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@cat ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@cat ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@cat ~]$ mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@cat ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@cat .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ mkdir .ssh
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ chmod 700 .ssh/
[hadoop@gangster ~]$  mv master-key .ssh/authorized_keys
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ cd .ssh/
[hadoop@gangster .ssh]$ chmod 600 authorized_keys
在 MASTER 节点上测试主节点无口令访问各从节点
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh hadoop2
Last login: Sat Feb 15 19:35:21 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@hadoop2 ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to hadoop2 closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh hadoop3
Last login: Sat Feb 15 21:57:38 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@hadoop3 ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to hadoop3 closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh cat
Last login: Sat Feb 15 14:33:50 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@cat ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to cat closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh dog
Last login: Sun Feb 16 20:41:19 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@dog ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to dog closed.
[hadoop@hadoop1 .ssh]$ ssh gangster
Last login: Sat Feb 15 18:03:45 2014 from hadoop1
[hadoop@gangster ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to gangster closed.

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